Parts of a Book Explained
In addition to the main body of text, there are several parts of a book which can be included to provide background information or helpful resources. Not all of these parts are required to meet common publishing standards. So authors can pick and choose which optional parts will enhance the book's experience for readers.
Parts of a Book: Front Matter
Note: Page numbers for Front Matter are often in lower case Roman numerals to differentiate this material from the body of the book.
TITLE PAGE: Includes the title of the book and author on one side (a right hand page). On the reverse, are: copyright information, ISBN numbers, disclaimer statements, edition info and publisher information. Has no page numbers.
HALF TITLE PAGE: (Optional) Includes the title of the book and author (in traditional publishing practice, author’s name does not appear) on one side (a right hand page). On the reverse, it is blank. Its inclusion is a throwback to bygone printing processes where this page helped protect and identify the book during production. These days, authors may use the page to sign copies for readers. Otherwise, has no major function today other than convention with established publishing standards. Visually, though, it helps create a smooth transition into the body of the book from the cover and title page. Has no page numbers.
DEDICATION PAGE: (Optional) Usually dedicates the work to someone or something special. The dedication statements are on one side (a right hand page) and the rest of that page, as well as its reverse, is blank. Has no page numbers.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: (Optional) Not usually necessary in works of fiction, but can be an integral and useful part of nonfiction works. The Table of Contents (TOC) is a list containing names of major sections (if the book is arranged in sections; see more about sections below) and chapter titles with corresponding page numbers so readers can jump to a specific page or section. Depending on the ebook format, the Table of Contents may contain links to allow readers to jump to various book sections or chapters. An optional list of images, diagrams, illustrations or charts may be included in the TOC or as a separate list altogether. (Note: Microsoft Word has a handy Table of Contents feature that can automatically create a TOC. However, it does have to be redone every time a change to the page numbers occurs during the editing and proofing process.)
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: (Optional) This is the “Academy Awards acceptance speech” portion of the book. In this section, the author thanks those who have helped or been supportive of the author’s book project, life or career. Like the never ending Awards speeches, some go on for pages… and pages. Caution! If you’re worried about hurting the feelings of people you forget to include or leave out intentionally, consider leaving this section out of your book!
FOREWORD: (Optional) Usually written by someone other than the author. Authors may reach out to someone famous or a recognized expert to write this section to lend credence to the work by association OR to attract the famous person’s fans to the author and his/her work. Often, if authors wish to draw in the foreword writer’s fans, they may add a “Foreword by [FAMOUS PERSON’S NAME]” to the cover and title pages.
TESTIMONIALS: (Optional) Written by people who are endorsing the author and/or the book (if given an advance copy). As with the Foreword, including testimonials from famous people (with their permission) can help sell the book. Testimonials may also be included in book cover artwork.
PREFACE: (Optional) Some explanation or other information about the book, the author or its topic that doesn’t quite fit into the body of the work, but may be important for the reader to know. Helps the reader put what is presented into context.
Parts of a Book: Body Text
Note: Page numbers for Body of the Book are usually in standard Arabic numerals, starting with 1. As well, major segments of the book and the first page of the first chapter usually begin on the right-hand page.
INTRODUCTION: (Optional) Similar to the Preface, an introductory chapter can provide additional information so the reader can put the book’s message into perspective. However, unlike the Preface, the Introduction (which may be titled “Introduction” or something more explanatory and engaging) provides more information that is specific to what will be presented in the pages that follow.
SECTIONS OR PARTS: (Optional) If it is important to organize the book’s content into logical, topical “chunks,” chapters may be grouped together by topic, chronology, steps or some other way that helps readers mentally move through the book or the subject. Leading into each section may simply be a section title page (section title on a right hand page without page number, reverse side is blank). Alternatively, the section lead-in could be a short chapter or a few explanatory paragraphs about what will be covered in the section (may include page numbers in this case).
CHAPTERS: This is the meat of the book! And, of course, it's required!
Parts of a Book: Back Matter
Note: Page numbers for Back Matter continue the numbering from the Body of the Book in Arabic numerals.
AFTERWORD: (Optional) This is where the author wraps up what was presented in the book to bring the reader to a satisfactory conclusion. May include items such as an update on the situation or topic discussed in the book or the author’s personal reflection on his/her experience writing the book.
APPENDICES or RESOURCES: (Optional) This section can include lists of websites, books or other resources that would be helpful to the reader and that relate to the content of the book. Caution! Website addresses and contact info can become dated quickly, necessitating frequent updates to the book. Alternatively, direct readers to a resources page on the author’s website or blog that can be easily updated as information changes.
ABOUT OR AUTHOR BIO: (Optional, but HIGHLY RECOMMENDED!) Like the About page on a website, the About or Author Biography chapter in a book can give more information on the author and his/her background, experience, credentials, public-appropriate personal information and contact information. For those using a book to promote a business, this section is ESSENTIAL!
GLOSSARY: (Optional) Defines difficult, important or unusual terms found in the book to help readers understand the material and to help make the book a go-to resource.
BIBLIOGRAPHY and/or FOOTNOTES: (Optional) A list of sources used when preparing the book. In more academic works, this listing usually follows a prescribed style standard such as the Chicago Manual of Style, APA (American Psychological Association) or MLA (Modern Language Association).
INDEX: (Optional) An alphabetical listing, by topic, of the material in the book. This can be quite a tedious process that is usually done AFTER the final manuscript is complete, formatted and almost ready for production. Because this list references the book’s page numbers, any edits that change pagination could completely change ALL the page numbers in the book, therefore necessitating a complete edit of the index. Yikes! So carefully consider whether it is worth the effort, time and possibly expense to include it in your book. Generally not a necessary element for shorter books.
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