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How to Write Humor - What Makes Something So Funny?

Updated on August 22, 2016
Rochelle Frank profile image

Rochelle Frank started writing humorous bits for her college newspaper. Her funny observations have continued in print and online.

Can Writing Something Funny Be Taught?

An editor I once worked with, asked if I could teach her how to write humor.

Until then, I had never thought of humor as being something that is taught. I had always thought that people have a humor gene or they do not.

It would be like trying to teach someone to have brown eyes if they were born with blue eyes. Or trying to teach them to be brown-eyed when they already have brown eyes. In either case it wouldn't accomplish much.

Mark Twain, a keen observer of human nature, penned many classic classic articles and books in a humorous style.
Mark Twain, a keen observer of human nature, penned many classic classic articles and books in a humorous style. | Source

Also, I felt if I were to analyze humor, and unravel the deep mystery of what it really is, the fragile elusive Humor Muse would be ticked off and forsake me for discovering her address and true identity.

Another reason is—that I hesitate to call my offerings humor, (usually I call them silliness) but since she was "The Editor" and had the final say, I happily accepted her judgment.

How Can You Tell if Something Is Funny?

When I finish a humor column I often rewrite, or at least re-read it about fifteen times. As you can imagine, it quickly loses the element of surprise. Surprise is important.

I sometimes go from "this is sort of funny" to "this might be funny" to "I'm not so sure this is funny at all." I sometimes run my ideas by a certain friend, just to check. (She has a great laugh.)

However, "The Editor's" question challenged me as a teacher, and I began giving it some thought.

I've taught people to draw, but that did make them great artists. I'm not sure I could teach anyone to write humor, but I can give my thoughts about what makes certain things funny.

In a sense, analyzing DOES scare the muse off.

I think this may be similar to reading a scientific, medical, clinical manual about the human physical procreative procedure. It may contain all of the correct information, but it is not sexy. In the same way, trying to explain why things are funny may be correct, but it is not—in itself—funny.

Serious Thoughts About Writing Humor

Disclaimer: I am not a humor expert. And I'm not a psychologist. These are just my thoughts on the subject. There's nothing particularly profound in this. But, here goes:

  • Humor is based on truth, literalness, humility, objectivity, and possibility.
  • It is a viewpoint and an attitude that most of us have as children. I believe it comes more naturally to those of us who have never quite grown up.
  • People will read a humorous piece, laugh and say "but that is SO true," and often it is. It can be based on the truth of what is, or the truth of what might be.

My Dad was a rather quiet, very kind, agreeable man who had a wonderful way of defusing a tense situation with a quip. I remember one time I called my mother "Maw." She got upset and told me not to ever call her "Maw." Daddy spoke up and said, "call her Mammy." This broke everyone up (including Mom), because what he was saying was, "It's not as bad as you think... what if it were this way." It was also silly.

A Way of Understanding Humor

I think that one key to understanding humor is to understand why people laugh when they are physically tickled.

Some people would say it is because it feels funny, or because it stimulates the nerve endings of your, well... wherever part is being tickled. But I think there is another explanation, and it's related to the fact that people can not tickle themselves.

A tickle is a physical assault, quasi-aggression. Because it is not objectively harmful or hostile, there is no defense against it. It would be inappropriate to haul off and slug your tickler, even though we are mentally programmed to defend ourselves from any attack.

You cannot justify giving your parent or child or friend or lover a black eye to retaliate for a tickle attack. We are helpless, frustrated, and confused in such a way that we react with laughter to release the tension.

Also it creates a mood-elevating effect which apparently can be measured chemically. That is not an authoritative explanation, but it is MY explanation. (Scientific studies DO say that laughter reduces stress hormones and strengthens the immune system, so it's all good.)

Humor is threatening, frustrating, and impossible to defend against, partly because we are not aware of why it is threatening, and also because we know it is that it is not hostile.

It is a psychological tickle, a friendly assault. Some "humor" can be mean spirited, but I don't think this is real humor. It lacks the friendly, or non-hostile, element.

Some people think sarcasm is humor. I don't. I try to avoid it. OK, maybe a little irony or or a gentle gibe, but nothing corrosive enough to harm the environment.

Erma Bombeck Writer's Workshop

The Jester

The court jester in Medieval times was often small, sometimes deformed, and weak appearing. He was a "fool," an object of derision and contempt. Often he was dressed in ridiculous fashion, but because of his non-threatening persona he could speak the truth, often in unflattering ways toward the royals and nobles, and get away with it. A great example of the psychic tickle.

When Don Rickles pours his outrageous insults out on an audience (an obvious form of attack), people laugh. Here is this short fat old bald guy who looks like a turtle—non threatening—telling the truth about people for the most part, and they are defenseless.

He does this so well that if anyone were to really get mad, they would look absolutely stupid. You may notice at the end of such a routine that he always thanks people for being good sports, thus making himself non-hostile as well. This is NOT my favorite style of humor; I would never personally attempt it. But I must admit he is a genius at it.

An Inspiration

I enjoyed reading the work of a local humor writer who contributed to a paper I read regularly (name omitted to protect—me). He is very funny. Of course he has an advantage over me with two live-in teenagers to provide inspiration. Actually I must credit him with my decision to try "columning."

After reading some of his work, I said to myself, "Myself, you could do this. Here is this guy writing silly stuff off the top of his head ... and being an embarrassment to his friends and family... how hard can that be?"

Though he makes himself out to be a foolish,hot-headed know-it-all and borderline ignoramus... I'll bet he is none of the above, and that is part of what makes him funny.

Visual, verbal, cognitive shift, and conceptual humor are usually based on the non-physical tickle. Humans like things to be comfortable, controllable, and predictable. The unusual, exaggerated, incongruous, or unexpected thing is threatening and uncomfortable.

Puns and double entendre are ambiguous, confusing, and surprising—but they are harmless and we can't defend ourselves against them. Though people like to be in their comfort zones, most also like to be slightly threatened, occasionally. If they did not, why would there be horror movies and roller coasters?

Children laugh more than adults, partly because they have not learned to hide their emotions, partly because they are innocent, and often because they see nothing wrong with telling the truth. They often make us laugh as well, because of these (threatening) qualities.

The story of the Emperor's New Clothes has always been a favorite of mine, because everyone is suddenly exposed to the to the truth about the emperor (and about their own self doubts and fears) by a child who sees nothing wrong with telling it like it is.

The classic Abbot and Costello "Who's on First?" routine is funny mostly because of the confusion of having the players named "Who, What," etc. Just at the point where we almost understand it, another confusing element is added, keeping the hearer slightly off balance,... tickled.

Cleverness, wit, and creative associations may be slightly more sophisticated than the ticklish humor discussed up to this point. but it still has some of the same elements, including surprise and the annoying realization that someone else thought of it before we did.

Perceiving someone else to be smarter than yourself can be threatening, but if that person is not hostile, or pompous, or mean spirited, it still goes back to the tickle effect.

Some of My Humor Hubs

OK, Ladies, What's in Your Bra.

A 24 year-old veterinarian in Texas has apparently tickled the imagination of animal lovers with her method of comforting traumatized baby animals such as squirrels, kittens, possums and rabbits. She snuggles them inside her bra while she is wearing it.

Purposely Purseless and Proud.

Shopping in a department store, people mistake me for a salesperson. Individuals ask me where the restroom is, or where to find the designer potpourri simmer-pots, and seem mildly annoyed when I tell them that I sincerely have no idea.

Using Garden Gnomes for Self-Defense

I always thought that garden gnomes were useless. Now I am imagining people carrying them around for protection, instead of using pepper spray or other deterrents.

Cement Dinosaurs May Attract Asteroids

There has recently been an upsurge in unreasonable fears about asteroid impacts destroying historic desert roadside attractions featuring large cement dinosaur sculptures.


Do I think of all these things when I am writing?

No, not at all. But going back and looking at some things I have written, I can see that they do generally apply.

When I call garden gnomes odd, that's the truth. Even people who have garden gnomes know it. But those people cannot be mad, especially because I came back and said I had nothing against odd things and defended the right of garden gnomes to make a living (incongruity).

There are a few things that I do consciously to "enhance funniness," besides writing in comic book font (and see, that's funny because there's no way that could really make a difference—so that's kind of the flip side—or the flippant side—of truth. Something seems logical about it, but it's not).

When I fell down walking my dog, that was honest-to-gosh deeply felt pain, but beyond that there was some element of slapstick. When people see (or hear about) others in pain, especially non-disabling pain, there are a set of reactions:

One is "that was really stupid," but we know it's not nice to think that way so there is guilt (threat). Also, we are glad it did not happen to us—but we know it could (threat). If the victim over-reacts or under-reacts to the pratfall, it is threatening (incongruous).

Some things are just funny in themselves. Anti-aging cream does it for me because it doesn't make sense that you should be able to rub a substance on your skin and it stops you from getting older.

Anti-aging cream goes against the laws of physics. It goes against the theory of relativity and the space/time continuum. If it did work to stop aging, users would never get another birthday present. All of these things are absolute truth.

I use my thesaurus a lot. Some words just sound funnier than others. The thesaurus also gives synonyms with a slightly skewed connotation (incongruity) ... or words that sound pompous, antiquated, or too "important" (incongruity)... or words that make it possible to turn a phrase into an alliterative string or a rhyme.

(I'm not sure why alliteration seems funny. I'll give that part some more thought. I think Gilbert or Sullivan understood this... whichever one did the words.)

Exaggeration is funny, especially the exaggerated truth. This is partly because of the uncertainty it causes. We often know that something is exaggerated, but it may also be true, and we are not quite sure where the line is drawn (uncertainty, threat).

My mop directions were confusing (to me) when I first read them, but in order to make the point, I'll admit that I exaggerated the confusion, for the benefit of those who generally understand things better than I do, so they can get the same feeling.

Most of the things I write about are true happenings. I think the purseless story is one of my funnier ones, because it's all true. But I have to look at things in a very objective manner and ask myself if my reaction or non-reaction to a situation is true, or is there another way to look at it.

Nothing but the Truth

Speaking of truth,—which I was, somewhere along the way—let me give another example:

Some time back someone sent me an internet item that said something like "You are almost as good as your dog if you can..." then it had a list of things like:

  • If you can be happy with the same simple food every day....
  • If you can be loyal to those who sometimes ignore or mistreat you...
  • If you can forgive those who wrongfully accuse you ...
  • If you can be cheerful even when those around you are unkind...
  • If you are willing to risk your life to save a child
  • etc.. on and on and on about canine attributes.

It was very nice.

I knew my friend who volunteers at the animal shelter, would appreciate this, so I sent it to her. Now I like dogs and animals fine, (and I know you do) but I have a slight problem with those who tend to idealize them and make them more virtuous than they really are. So I added a few items to the list which are also absolute Truth:

  • If you are willing to humiliate yourself and do almost anything for approval and a pat on the head...
  • If you see nothing wrong with drinking out of the toilet...
  • If you are not embarrassed to have sex in public with someone you have never met before...

When she got my list, she said her husband came in her studio to see what she was laughing at.

Like the clinical manual I mentioned before, these may be some of the technical elements of writing humor, but I think you just have to actually do it yourself to understand the wider implications.

The subtleties are hard to explain; it takes a little patience and practice, but you know when it feels right.

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    • glassvisage profile image

      glassvisage 8 years ago from Northern California

      So much information about humorous writing! You must know what you're doing :)

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      That's a matter of opinion, i suppose. Read some of my humor hubs-- you decide.

      And thanks for commenting.

    • funnebone profile image

      funnebone 8 years ago from Philadelphia Pa

      I stand naked and exposed.

      I am going to take this time for introspect and self discovery. I will read your article again and after deep thought I will reove my rubber nose and hula skirt and add my thoughts.

      I thank you for another thought provoking and personable hub which you so steadily continue to produce.

    • funride profile image

      Ricardo Nunes 8 years ago from Portugal

      I had to bookmark this one. I´ll read it every time I forget how simple humor can be and how seriously it can be write. Thums up ;)

    • DonnaCSmith profile image

      Donna Campbell Smith 8 years ago from Central North Carolina

      I wondered how you do it! Thanks for another good hub.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Nothing magic about this-- just my thoughts and personal observations. If my editor hadn't asked, I probably never would have given it that much thought. Thanks for your comments, all.

    • compu-smart profile image

      compu-smart 8 years ago from London UK

      A very interesting read!! you have given me lots to think about!!

      thanks 4 sharing your obvious knowldge!

    • CJStone profile image

      CJStone 8 years ago from Whitstable, UK

      A woman goes into a bar and says, "I'll have a double entendre please."

      So the barman gave her one.

    • Shadesbreath profile image

      Shadesbreath 8 years ago from California

      Humor is hard to pin down even when it gets pinned down as neatly as this. I would add one thing about the court Fool back in the day though. It is something of a myth that they were misfigured and odd. The fool in many courts was an esteemed advisor who possessed a unique (and dangerous) position. As you said humor is often just truth, granted pointed out with style and tact and delivery etc... the fool was someone who had the respect of Kings and was allowed to point out things that no one else would dare. Shakespeare's Feste is a perfect example in Twelfth Night. The fool was often the only hope a nation had for steering its leaders away from stupidity, or at least pointing it out in a way that they might see. Needless to say, dangerous. Anyway, nice article. Thanks.

      Oh, and CjStone... that's awesome.

    • ripplemaker profile image

      Michelle Simtoco 8 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      Hi Rochelle, I enjoyed your thought provoking hub and all the ways we can actually be humorous. In our preschool office, we often laugh at the image that brings to our mind when we utter sentences like "kids please make sure to close the door or the aircon will go out" and "The gate has arrived." :) Love your hub. Thanks for sharing.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Preschool is a great place to find humor. Thanks for the comments.

      In our school office , classroom assistants would come each month to pin up classroom artwork on the bulletin boards. Drawings were easy to put up, but one time a volunteer came in with "shoebox scenes" which were three-dimentional. "I don't know how to put these up," she said "I have dioramas."

      The secretary advised her to take Pepto-bismol.

    • ripplemaker profile image

      Michelle Simtoco 8 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      Hahahaha :)

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      I would love to hear others post their comments about "what makes something funny", because I am still trying to to figure it out, myself. i stand by my "tickle" theory, but I am sure there must be other elemnts at work.

    • trish1048 profile image

      trish1048 8 years ago

      Hi Rochelle,

      I so enjoyed this hub! You tackled defining humor, which to me, is a feat in itself. I have been told I'm 'so funny', and I like to think I do have a great sense of humor. There are even moments when you can say I'm 'witty'. Growing up with a brother 4 years my senior was possibly how I developed? my sense of humor. To this day, even if we haven't spoken for a while, he'll give me a call, and the witty comments come flying my way. He gets me every time, and I am always taken by surprise to the point that I cannot think of one appropriate come-back. He, to me, is the master of wit! I do however, have an occasional 'shining' moment when I get him back as good as he gives. It's then his turn to be taken by surprise :)

      Thanks again for sharing,

      PS: I don't have the answer to your question what makes something funny, I guess, as I find to be said rather often, 'you had to be there' :)

      Trish

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Yes, "being there "is often the key.

    • Pam Pounds profile image

      Pam Pounds 8 years ago from So Cal Girl in the Midwest!

      Very funny, Rochelle...loved the dog list! Learned from your class - Humor 101!

      Thanks, Pam ;)

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you, Pam. Belated, but sincere appreciation.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      I have added a poll. And becaue of my ineptitude, it has two blank choices. Feel free to to use them if applicable.

    • Pam Pounds profile image

      Pam Pounds 8 years ago from So Cal Girl in the Midwest!

      Hi Rochelle - ok - I just voted on your poll...we'll learn together how this all works!!

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks, Pam. I'm hoping some people will vote for the blanks.

      This hub was originally published about three months ago and has quite a few views (for one of mine) so very few people are likely to return to vote.

      I do like the option though-- it gives another element to break up the straight text-- especially if someone is challenged with providing photos and illustrations.

    • sixtyorso profile image

      sixtyorso 8 years ago from South Africa

      Hi Rochelle Great Hub. But humour is a tough subject. Many of the world's great funny men were very troubled people. Fatty Arbuckle, Peter Selllers, Spike Milligan just to name a few. Humour is often the uncomforatble truth. That is why jokes come out so qyuickly after a tragedy. I remember the horrific joke after the Columbia tragedy.

      "What colour was Christa McCailiff's eyes?"

      Answer ' Blue ---- One blew this way one blew that way"!

      I repeat this story to illustrate my point and not to be totally crass.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Yes, humor usually is an uncomfortable truth to at least some degree.

      As for the disturbed "funny people"-- troubled people can be found in any category or group. I would dare to say that there is a higher percentage of mad criminals than comedians.

      On there other had there are many examples of comics who were wise and benevolent and charitable -- (Bob Hope, Will Rogers,...) And I can't think of any criminals, with the possible exception of Robin Hood, who are.

      Personally, I don't find either sarcasm or hurtful 'humor' to be appealing.

    • sixtyorso profile image

      sixtyorso 8 years ago from South Africa

      I appreciate you balancing the scales so well with good examples. I prefer clever cute funny stories over the hurtful ones too. LOL

      If you have seen my latest hub you may see some humour in that experience which more in keeping with my style.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Sixtyorso, I especially enjoy your travel adventures.

    • Benson Yeung profile image

      Benson Yeung 8 years ago from Hong Kong

      thanks for the attempt to share something which cannot be shared, or can it?

    • profile image

      andyjay 8 years ago

      I believe that "timing" is a very important element in humor (or in what constitutes funny). I guess it would be a little different if you are writing something funny or physically saying (or performing something funny). But I believe that humor and what is funny comes from the way we see things; our perspective on life. I can say that seeing life with a sense of humor has saved me. I don't know where I would be if I could not laugh at life and not take things so seriously. By the way, it is great to see a humorous blog getting so much attention. When I think of keeping a blog, I always think that it has to be about something "meaningful" and "life changing" for others to get something out of it. You have just proved that that isn't necessary. Now I know that there is a place in "blogs" for humor and light-hearted writing that will bring a smile to others when they read it. Great information. I enjoyed it!

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you Benson.

      And thank you andyjay. I do appreciate your comments, and sometimes I too feel that i would like to write something deep and meaningful that would change people for the better. I guess that is not my calling, but maybe it's just enough to sometimes have someone say, "Thanks, I really needed a laugh today."

    • RGraf profile image

      Rebecca Graf 8 years ago from Wisconsin

      The best paper I ever wrote was in high school with a friend. We took a boring assignment of an economic projects and laced it full of humor. Our teacher loved it and we got the highest score he had ever given for that assignment in all years of teaching.

      Thanks for the hub!

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you RGraf-- I sometimes wish I could write more deep meaningful things-- but I DO think humor is important. Sometimes it helps us break out of a set way of thinking, and sometimes it just lightens our mood-- which might be the same thing, come to think of it.

      (Please submit this to the department of redundancy department.)

    • smarcuse profile image

      smarcuse 8 years ago

      Great insights. I've been trying off and on to analyze humor for a while without much success. I've found it way too complex and subtle. I have made some observations though:

      I find humor liberating. It allows one to express things he or she otherwise couldn't.

      For example, consider what the parody news anchors like Jon Stewart, Stephen Colbert and Keith Olbermann get away with.

      I tried taking a systematic approach and analyzing humor grammatically. So far I have only been able to come up with this verb conjugation.

      I am hilarious.

      You are silly.

      She is an embarrassing buffoon.

      Finally, I have found that humor is something you have to work at. When I forwarded a piece I had written to a friend, he emailed me back saying, "I see you are still trying to be funny." I thanked him for his encouragement and assured him I will try harder next time.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      I think you are on the right track-- very funny response.

    • Sara Algoe profile image

      Sara Algoe 8 years ago from Phoenix, Ariz

      Awsome Hub!

      i think humor should be some thing for your own self not for others. There are all kind of people out there some find tom and Jerry to be funny and some find BORAT or Ali G to be funny. Now you cant humor the both kinds , coz both are in different zip codes . So your humor should satisfy you more than others.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      I agree, Saa-- But if I am the only one who thinks something is funny, is it really humor? it is always gratifying if someone else thinks the same thing is funny. It creates a kind of bond.

    • JamaGenee profile image

      Joanna McKenna 8 years ago from Central Oklahoma

      The ability to convey humor is an Either Or.  Either you're born with it or you're not.  Can't be taught. And analyzing it DOES scare off the Muse.  I wrote my "McCain Picked Sarah Palin" hub a week into a 2-week Cold From Haedes.  The entire hub landed in my head when my defenses and the dreaded Writers Block  were zero.  If I *hadn't* been at death's door, I would've tweaked it for days, then *maybe* published it, maybe not.  As it was, I just "did it" and it was an instant hit. Go figure.

    • DawgDad profile image

      DawgDad 8 years ago from Denver

      Wow great hub Rochelle, thx!

    • johnb0127 profile image

      johnb0127 8 years ago from TX

      Wow, a great hub from a very intelligent woman! Good job!

      --John

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Very intelligent? Well, modest as I am, I don't know that I would say "very", but thanks.

    • MissJamieD profile image

      MissJamieD 8 years ago from Minnes-O-ta

      I love this! You're awesome:)

    • LelahKimball profile image

      LelahKimball 8 years ago from USA

      I love this. Wonderfully written.

    • Billrrrr profile image

      Bill Russo 8 years ago from Cape Cod

      Thanks for a seriously good hub.

      The great radio personality Norm Nathan (50 years with WHDH and WBZ in Boston)

      said that you should always try to leave the world a little sillier than you find it.

      I'm trying to do my part.

      I'm over 65 years old but I promise to never grow up.

      I promise to keep eating jelly & peanut butter sandwiches.

      I promise to watch 'The Stooges' and least once a month and to view four Seinfelds per week.

      I promise to keep putting teeth under my pillow for the tooth fairy - but if they don't get exchanged for money overnight, the dentures will have to go back in my mouth in the morning.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      I am seriously happy about your post Bilrrrrrrr. I also think you are seriously funny, you still have a way to go. I am seriously older than you, but not  seriously funnier.. I do try to spread the silliness when I can. CHeers!!

    • profile image

      crusty_17 8 years ago

      This is very enlightening, and I am so glad I came across this hub really. I am always fascinated about the different types of humour. Congratulations on a very stimulating hub.

    • profile image

      Iphigenia 8 years ago

      Everything you've said is very true and any writer who wants to tackle humour must study all of these lements; Life experience and personality add to the mix. For me I believe that when it comes down to the nitty-gritty - to getting the words down onto paper - there are two essential ingredients - the situation and timing.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      There's the trick, getting it on paper. As a fan of Dave Berry, I was always amazed that he could do it time after time.

    • maggs224 profile image

      maggs224 8 years ago from Sunny Spain

      Like you just said in the comment above Rochelle there is a trick to getting it on paper and I think you have proved with this hub that it is a trick that you have mastered very well. You even made my son laugh with your additions to the canine attributes list and he is a tough audience to crack. I read that bit out to him after he asked me what I was laughing at.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 8 years ago from California Gold Country

      Very cool, Maggie. I love it when people share. It is a virtue.

    • Susan Ng profile image

      Susan Ng Yu 8 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      I find things that conjure absurd images in my mind funny.  Like the aircon with two legs walking out the open door or the gate ringing the doorbell upon its arrival.  Teacher Michelle, aka Ripplemaker, and I laugh about things like that at the office.  I'm often the first one to start cracking up. :P

    • HeXiS profile image

      HeXiS 7 years ago from interweb

      im finding that when i want to be funny oim not.. it just happens.. i also find i dont get some jokes.. usualy the inside jokes that people forget i wasn't arround for.. or i think something is much funnier than the others arround me especialy sarcasm.

      since my current project is merchandise with "odd ball humor" i finding that i realy am an odd ball.. that or people like my funny they just dont wana buy it.. im sure it's a mix of not funny and not impropper sales pitching.. but since this is about humor i'd like to ask how you feel about deadpan humor. like the eye drop commercials "wooooow....." any advice?

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      I think everyone has to work with what seems most natural to them. I know a very funny guy who frequently comes up with funny quips and comments, but he has a heck of a time remembering a funny joke he has heard-- seems like he always leaves something important out.

    • nicomp profile image

      nicomp really 7 years ago from Ohio, USA

      Quantifying humor is a big challenge; taking something that's supposed to be fun and analyzing the fun out of it. Great work!

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Just one take on it--yes, it is hard to pin down. thanks

    • profile image

      HAYASHI Sora 7 years ago

      I came across this hub from a Google search on how to write humor. Ironic, really, because all it has done is made me question further.

      I have realized something though:

      The things I find funny tend to be tied in with the choice of words.

      For instance, I was reading a submission on a certain fan fiction web site and the author was, quite obviously, trying to be funny.. and failing. Perhaps because they were using the oldest tricks in the book, perhaps because they were telling it as if it were an article on molecular gastronomy..

      And then I went on to read another submission which I found absolutely hilarious. I had tears streaming down my face and I was clutching my side, trying to stop myself making too much noise.

      The word which cracked me up? Manties. If it had said "men's underwear" I would've been thinking 'Well, that wasn't funny.'

      I think something to consider, also, when writing humor is randomosity. If you have heard the same joke, the same line, before then you're less likely to find it side-splittingly funny. Throwing in some original material definitely spices things up, though, it would be wise to consider audiences first.

      I know you have already pointed out that some words are funnier-- I am simply backing up your point and giving my two cents.

      Fantastic article, by the way.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks so much for your comments, HAYASHI Sora.

      Yes, the definition of humor is very hard to capture. I think this is partly because different people react differently. Styles, subject matter, presentation, timing, word usage-- all of that and more comes into play.

      Keep smiling.

    • B.T. Evilpants profile image

      B.T. Evilpants 7 years ago from Hell, MI

      I have no idea how I missed this. You've done a fantastic job of nailing down a very subjective topic. For me, randomness definitey comes into play. The more random an observation, the funnier it is. I guess that's why one of my favorite comedians is Stephen Wright.

      I also don't call my writing "humor." I merely aspire to humor people who need the occasional laugh. I do add a humor tag to my hubs, though. But that's only because it's more likely to be found with a humor tag than a "ridiculous and absurd" tag.

      Thanks for this hub, Rochelle. It's yet another gem.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Yes, I understand the reluctance to put the humor label on a piece, simply because it is so subjective.

      You are right about the randomness, as well. i think that is all part of the surprise factor-- and it is also mildly threatening because we think we should understand and we often don't.

      I think you humor is superb-- therefore, this is especially appreciated. Hasta!

    • kiwi91 profile image

      kiwi91 7 years ago from USA

      Writing humor is tough, and it seems brevity is what people find funny today. The more words, the less funny it is. Well, there's a lot more to it, but when writing, simple seems to work.

      And Don Rickles is a genius, thanks for mentioning him. This is a great hub.

    • profile image

      Sidney Rayne 7 years ago

      Incredible article....I was ironically involved in a discussion about the act of "teaching humor" a few days ago. A lot of humor is involved in the delivery...rather verbally or literally...and while I think people can pick up certain characteristics in this regard...to teach it is another story.

      You really nailed the concept in this article and I loved the phrase - "If you are willing to humiliate yourself and do almost anything for approval and a pat on the head..."

      Again...great piece of writing..was a pleasure to read!

    • Dave Manors profile image

      Dave Manors 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      This is probably the best article I've read on HubPages. I've heard someone before state that there is a "humour gene" and that only about 8% of people have it. I find that really unbelievable, as sometimes my jokes will only have people shaking their heads in embarrassment, and at other times I have actually had a couple of people rolling around on the floor in laughter and one or two even pulling out inhalers to keep themselves breathing!

      In essence, I love what this piece is about and enjoyed the advice rendered!

    • tdarby profile image

      tdarby 7 years ago

      Very good info. Thanks for your willingness to share insight gained.

    • GusTheRedneck profile image

      Gustave Kilthau 7 years ago from USA

      What a nifty article... You explained the whole deal such that I understood why it was folks laugh when I say or write something. Had I known this stuff earlier on, I would probably be quite rich by now. Ah well.. water under the bridge, right? Met a fellow in a dialysis clinic one time in Trenton, New Jersey. He was a fine fellow - old, wrinkled, and full of beans - even though he was as ill as a person can be and without a dollar in his pocket. He told me that his name was "Goode." Then he told me that he fell in love with a gal and they married. Her name was "Rich." Then he explained to me that, after they married, they were "good and rich." You could tell that he was lamenting his present circumstances, and so I had trepidations about laughing at his little story. Yet, he wanted me to laugh, and that was obvious, too.

      Your article was a beauty, and I enjoyed learning from it.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Well, thanks Gus, I'm not sure it will make you rich, but laughter does a person good-- and that is a special kind of richness, I do believe.

    • GusTheRedneck profile image

      Gustave Kilthau 7 years ago from USA

      Hello again, Rochelle. Just so that you will know it, I grew up in a place named, New Rochelle. At that time, everyone (almost) was very poor, but as I recall, people smiled a whole lot more then compared to today. I personally do two kinds of writing. I write serious items for tech columns and papers for journals. They are really fussy things to put together - really tight formats and protocols. Humor is what I like best. I just today put the first three of many Hubs online that are ostensibly cooking recipes, but it was impossible for me to not combine them with some funny tales as well. (Redneck Recipe # ...) Good food, so why not some good fun, too. Thanks again for your fine article. I hope to see more stuff that you put together for the world to read. Gus

    • creativeone59 profile image

      benny Faye Douglass 7 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you for very,very informative hub on how to write humor. thanks for sharing it. creativeone59

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks Gus and creativeone-- I appreciate your comments.

    • abcd1111 profile image

      abcd1111 7 years ago from Glen Ellyn, IL (Chicago suburb)

      Explaining humor is such a slippery thing. I love the adage,

      "Tragedy plus time equals comedy."

      It definitely bonds people. I live for laughter. I have found writing humor to be one of the most difficult tasks because of reworking and reworking a piece. As you said, it loses it's surprise and you start second-guessing yourself.

      Thank you for shining a little light on an ephemeral subject.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks a bunch "abcd.." ,

      (I love alphabetical things).

      And, yes, The seriousness of life does eventually become absurd with enough time.

      It is slippery-- I suppose that is why the banana peel thing seems hilarious.

      It isn't so much that we don't feel sympathy for the banana peel victim-- it's just that we feel a bit treatened by knowing that it could easily happen to us. Plus it looks so absurd-- who wants to admit that we might look absurd, ourselves? A tickle, I maintain.

      Thanks for your comments. I will be looking for your funny stuff.

    • Lissa Lynn profile image

      Lissa Lynn 7 years ago from upstate NY

      Great hub! I really enjoyed reading it and I think you're right on the money with many of the things you say :) Thanks!

    • mega1 profile image

      mega1 7 years ago

      I think really funny people are just fabulous observers - they shut up now and then and see how strange and wonderful the world is and then it just comes out of them - my kids are like that! long silences and then spectacularly funny things - You are one of those observers, I can tell.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Sometimes, perhaps. I KNOW my dad was one, a man of few words-- but the ones that came out were often quite funny.

      I appreciate your reads.

    • selfdeprecate profile image

      selfdeprecate 7 years ago from Atlanta, Ga

      Great tips and very well written.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks for reading, selfdeprecate.

    • profile image

      how to jump higher 7 years ago

      Anglia @ buy flowers

      I've been researching the web for my research on this subject. I'm so thankful what you shared bestows a new attribute to the data I'm accumulating. I really appreciate the way which you look at this field of study, it offer me a new way of looking at it now. Thanks for the share.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you, htjh, I would be interested in seeing the results of your research.

    • edzee profile image

      edzee 7 years ago

      Oooh, Ooooh! I know this one, I know this one. I got the answer from my cousin in Kinarsie. She's stacked and snuck into the football team's locker room when they were all at the coaches office for a talk. The answer is A B C A B A C A B A A A B B....DAMN! Let me start over....

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      No, I'm sorry, edzee, That's wrong.

      It is AA, A, B, C, D, DD, DDD... No, wait a minute that's wrong too. I think those are bra sizes . . .

      Let me know if you remember.

    • martycraigs profile image

      martycraigs 7 years ago

      To be perfectly honest, I think some people just have a knack for writing comically...and other people have a knack for writing better in other styles and moods. Of course, practice makes perfect and you can always improve your skill set in any area.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      I agree. Thank you for reading.

    • profile image

      Jena 7 years ago

      I am always interested in these types of stories because funny stories are hard to write and make complete.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks for reading and commenting, Jena.

    • ahostagesituation profile image

      SJ 7 years ago

      Thanks for writing this Rochelle. I never thought of analyzing it before.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      I hadn't thought of it either, ahostagesituation, until someone asked. I still think analysis doesn't quite capture the underlying spirit.

    • U Neek profile image

      U Neek 7 years ago from Georgia, USA

      Now I'm gonna hafta to do a lotta thinkingm 'cause I've never tried to analyze why things are funny either. Gee thanks, Rochelle. ;)

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 7 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks, As I said, I'd never thought about it much until my editor asked. Just let it flow-- I think you have the humor gene.

    • Stan Fletcher profile image

      Stan Fletcher 6 years ago from Nashville, TN

      Wow! This is great. And you are smart.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you, Stan. You need no advice on this subject, you are a natural.

      Now don't go and overthink, you already have it... and pay no attention to the man behind the curtain.

    • Stan Fletcher profile image

      Stan Fletcher 6 years ago from Nashville, TN

      I know what you mean. Overthinking kills it. But that leaves you vulnerable. If it's not 'working' there's not a heck of a lot you can do about it. Shades and I were just talking yesterday about how truth is the author of humor.

      I honed my chops in class in Jr. High. Many have accused me of not advancing much beyond that! :) I would rather make people laugh than almost anything I can think of.

    • quicksand profile image

      quicksand 6 years ago

      Hello Rochelle, I guess humor comes naturally to some people. As for the rest, naturally humor does not come at all! :)

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      So it seems, quicksand. Though it seems contradictory, you have to be confident enough to not take yourself too seriously.

    • lorlie6 profile image

      Laurel Rogers 6 years ago from Bishop, Ca

      Apparently I am extremely funny in real life-my family thinks so, at least-but when writing it just seems to come over me. I wrote a hub about the recent heat wave which caught me by surprise-it was so hot I simply had to laugh.

      Gawd, girl, you're a class act!

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      Well, lorlie6, you are up early this morning.(It is cooler before dawn.)Thanks so much for your comments!

    • ChrisLincoln profile image

      ChrisLincoln 6 years ago from Orange (or Lemon...) County, California

      Thanks Rochelle,

      Great hub.

      According to my wife there is a very strange world in my head, and when I share it, it is apparently hilarious. She no longer asks, "what are you thinking?" unless seated.

      Life is just so darned funny, you don't have to look that hard to see it, and it is so much fun to share it.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      The best part is, everyone sees things from a slightly different viewpoint. Thanks for commenting, ChrisLincoln.

    • DREAM ON profile image

      DREAM ON 6 years ago

      You had me hooked from the very beginning.I felt like a fish dangling in mid air.I was helpless until your line broke and now I can be with the other fishes who thought I was toast.I learned so much from your hub and so many hubbers who commented.I find it difficult to laugh at new humor people that use alot of swearing to get a laugh.I love the simple humor growing up from t.v. programs like Threes Company and Gilligans Island.I admire those writers who were perfect on timing.I loved the art but never understood it.You explained so much.I read your hub but was pressed for time.I didn't want to leave but it was running late.So I decided I would stop and come back later.Right then and there I decided to stop and no matter how much I still wanted to read more I couldn't.I finally stopped and had to check how long the comments were from where I was.There were three comments left.I found your hub even funnier.Great job I will read it again and again.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks, Dream On. I'm glad you found something in it to spark thought. As I have mentioned, It was something I had not really tried to explain to myself until someone asked. Certainly there is more to it than I put forth here, but I still think I got some of the basics right.

      Hope to read more from you.

    • profile image

      6 years ago

      I am funny by nature...dry and sarcastic. It's natural and just comes out as easy as the sun comes up. But writing it has proven to be VERY difficult for me. It just does not transfer well to type.... but still working on it.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      Sign up for HubPages and try it out. If you want feedback and suggestions, there are people here who would be glad to help.

    • bobsimpson profile image

      bobsimpson 6 years ago from Largo Florida

      Thanks for the good read.

      Humor can sometimes be such a serious deadly enterprise. Have you ever agonized for 30 minutes on where the comma should go?

      No, I really never have either.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      Than you, bobsimpson. Commas are for editors.

    • profile image

      betweencracks 6 years ago

      Very useful article.Humor is my passion too.

      Especially slightly offbeat, looking at the world sideways, type of humor, that makes you laugh but offers a little insight as well

      " Besides eating, humor is the best survival mechanism i know "

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks for commenting. Humor is a practically painless way to gain insight.

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 6 years ago from the short journey

      Great stuff! I'm coming back to read all the comments later. Voted up and useful.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you, RTalloni. Hope it gave you some ideas.

    • Karanda profile image

      Karen Wilton 6 years ago from Australia

      Your point about teaching someone to draw doesn't mean they'll become an artist was spot on. I have absolutely no idea why something is funny to one person and deadpan serious to the next. Good tips for the beginner trying to write with humour, thanks.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 6 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you for commenting, Keranda. I don't know either-- just my personal observations and interpretations.

    • ahostagesituation profile image

      SJ 5 years ago

      I LOVE that you did this, and have wondered this as well. I heard a comic postulate that humor is a form of aggression, and you're right that it is definitely an exposure of raw truth. It's so interesting, I have no idea what makes things funny, but I'm almost always laughing. I became funny because OTHER people were laughing. I'd say something that I was completely serious about and people started laughing. So, I figured I was joking. Eventually, I was.

      But truth is threatening to most people as you say. There's a verse in the bible where Paul says something to the effect of, "Well, now, have I become your enemy, now that I have told you the truth?"

      What an interesting subject to tackle! And it does seem if you analyze it too much you might lose it. THANKS!! Gonna bookmark this one.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 5 years ago from California Gold Country

      I LOVE that you came to read this, ahostagesituation. Your screen name sounds so serious, I was delighted to read some of your hubs and find out how funny you are.

      And yes the truth is threatening. You are seriously funny, and that's the truth. Deal with it.

    • profile image

      Ashutosh 5 years ago

      Rochelle, are you a millionaire?

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 5 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks for reading, Ashutosh. Yes, I am, but hubber scores only go up to 100.

    • profile image

      wwww 5 years ago

      jonny juniar

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 5 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks, wwww-- incomprehensibility is funny,itself.

    • profile image

      nisrin 5 years ago

      rochelle that amazing just i say thank youuuuuuuu

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 5 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks for your comment, nisrin.

    • Nare Anthony profile image

      Nare Gevorgyan 5 years ago

      Awesome! Thanks for sharing! Voted up and awesome!!!

    • Sally's Trove profile image

      Sherri 5 years ago from Southeastern Pennsylvania

      The discussion in your hub about assault, defense, and tickling struck home as I recalled being tickled by certain of my older male relatives when I was a kid. It was not a kind thing. Eventually, I found my defense to it when I was grown and confronted them with their behavior. There's a dark side to tickling.

      With that said, I think I'm funny. Maybe not so much in writing but in conversation. Some see that side of me, although some don't. A friend once told me, when I shared with him that I might like to try stand-up comedy, "Don't quit your day job."

      You presented great information about the qualities that define humor while at the same time you can be very funny. I think it's interesting that you can be a humorist and also explain what that means. As for me, I find moments when I can make folks laugh, but I have no idea why. Whatever muse-in-training is responsible for this talent I have from time to time, I thank her and don't want to dissect her. I don't want her to evaporate.

      Thanks for an enormously insightful read.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 5 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you, Nare Anthony

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 5 years ago from California Gold Country

      Evaporation is always a worry. I haven't written much humor lately, don't know if the political season has wrung it out of me--- or it may just be hibernation rather than evaporation.

      And yes, I see how tickling can be mean-spirited. Humor can be, too. Neither should be allowed into the wrong hands. Always practice safe and sane humor to avoid injury.

    • profile image

      Andyes 5 years ago

      This is a well written article. I agree about your views on feeling threatened, only to the extent of when being at a stand up comedy gig near the front row and worrying if the comedian is going to pick on you. That is the only time I believe feeling threatened can occur. If I am at a stand up gig far away from the comedian, I would never feel threatened.

      I do not believe comedy is threatening in any way, apart from when a person is the victim of ridicule. The only other way is when a comedian makes jokes about something the audience is directly involved in like an occupation, hobby or even place where they live. If they take it personally, then they can feel threatened or insulted even though it is not directed at them individualy. Other than that, most humour is non threatening. For example, it is impossible to feel threatened when watching a comedy sitcom on TV, a comedy movie, a series of comedy sketches, or a joke book.

      Tickling is not an accurate analogy because although you cannot tickle yourself, you can make yourself laugh by thinking funny thoughts and ideas, or by writing comedy.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 5 years ago from California Gold Country

      Andyes, thank you for your comment. I respect your perspective.

      The level of 'threat' may be different for different people, but I still think it is still there, even if barely perceptible.

      When we are surprised, when our beliefs are countered, when we are told we are wrong about something, or when our ways of thinking are challenged, there is an element of threat.

      When we find out it was not meant to be harmful-- there is a sudden release from that confusion.

      It doesn't have to be anything which involves fear of physical pain or insult by public humiliation.

      I agree that tickling may not be a perfect analogy, but it served to show my feelings-- a purely personal view-- about the 'mechanics' of humor. I have no credentials in psychology or even humorology to back up my theories.

      I appreciate the time and thought that went into your response.

    • profile image

      Andyes 5 years ago

      Thank you for your reply.

      I personally enjoy being surprised. I agree that no-one enjoys being criticised, unless it is constructive and is recognised as being helpful.

      There is a big difference between criticism and comedy. For example, if a comedian was to directly say what they think to an audience, it would possibly invoke some resistance and anger because people generally do not like being told what to do. A good stand-up comedian knows how to get their opinions across in a non-threatening way.

      It is similar to a story teller who can engage their audience, while teaching at the same time. The audience does not feel threatened by the comedian who gets his message across in a funny way.

      The closest comedy ever gets to criticism, is satire. This is a great way to expose the silly and absurd in human behaviour. It shows how things really are.

      If a stand up comedian ridicules a person in the audience, that person does not usually laugh. It is the rest of the audience who laughs because they are not threatened. The person in the audience being ridiculed will only laugh if he/she is not threatened and does not take it personally.

      When I go to see a stand up comedian, if they are good, then I feel empowered both during and after watching them. This is the opposite to being threatened. They make me feel great because they are saying things about society that are true and what I believe in. It reassures me to hear someone saying what I think is right. There are many things that are inherently wrong and ridiculous in society and comedians often highlight the truth that the audience recognise and agree with. This is the opposite to being criticised or challenged. It is freeing and permissive.

      Good stand up comedians are empowering because they are brave enough to stand on stage and risk being heckled and abused by the audience. If anyone is to feel threatened, it is the stand up comedian who faces a lot of drunks, who want a quick laugh, at their expense.

      Regarding other comedy outlets like sitcoms, cartoons, sketch shows, movies etc, I cannot see how anyone could feel threatened by watching them.

    • Pennypines profile image

      Lucille Apcar 4 years ago from Mariposa, California, U.S.A.

      Just as I love good music of all genres,I lso enjoy poking a little fun at people especially those inclined to be a little pompous.

      Unfortunately it can backfire though, just like those who are tone deaf and cannot share enjoyment of music, there are persons who take offense at the little jabs, however innocent they may be. Bob Hope loved to poke fun at Washington politicians, I sometimes wonder how they felt about it.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
      Author

      Rochelle Frank 4 years ago from California Gold Country

      I like your analogy to music, and it brings to mind the fact that not everyone will appreciate humor, no matter how clever it might be.

      Thanks for commenting, Pennypines.

    • Ruby H Rose profile image

      Maree Michael Martin 4 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island

      Oh this was a fun one to read and learn from. Such a wonderful hub. I am happy to be spending some time over in my twitter world, funny that is how I found ya. I've been researching on social networking. Laughter is the best medicine, so more humor please, now onto reading more of your funny stuff.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 4 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you for commenting, Ruby H Rose. As I said, It came out of a question that made me think about it in a different way.

    • profile image

      Johng982 3 years ago

      Outstanding post, you have pointed out some fantastic points, I as well think this is a very great website. cdkeggbecedd

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      Pharmb530 3 years ago

      Very nice site!

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 3 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thank you, Johng.

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      Pharma512 3 years ago

      Very nice site!

    • Rochelle Frank profile image
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      Rochelle Frank 2 years ago from California Gold Country

      Thanks, Pharma512. Many people recognize that Laughter is good medicine.

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