Marcelo is the pastor of Iglesia Conexiones, and the author of Biblical Prayer for Today's Believers: Transform Your Prayer Life.
1. God Is Eternal
Read Psalm 90:2.
God created the heavens, the earth, the oceans, and every living creature in them, including human beings. God created the stars, the galaxies, the universe, and all reality. Even time is God's creation.
God existed long before He created any of them, and God will continue to exist long after they are gone: for there never was a time when God did not exist, nor will there ever be a time when God does not exist. God exists from eternity unto eternity.
God is eternal. For this reason, time is relative to Him: a thousand years are to Him like a day, or even like a fraction of a night. God is not subject to time.
- Why should God's eternity cause us to feel awe before Him?
- Why should God's eternity motivate us to trust in God?
- Does it make sense to believe that God had no beginning?
Lord, I am filled with fear and wonder when I reflect that you are eternal. I am not eternal, and nothing in nature is eternal; but you, Lord, are eternal (you alone!). I praise you for who you are, and I humble myself before you to worship you. I am encouraged to put my trust in you, who lives forever.
2. God Does Not Change
Read Psalm 90:2.
Psalm 90:2 does not simply teach that God exists from eternity throughout eternity; it teaches that God is God from eternity throughout eternity. This means that God has always been God and that He will always be God. God does not change.
All life on Earth has a beginning and a process of growth. Plants produce seeds, and seeds germinate. The seedlings grow and develop over time, until they produce their own seed: then they die. Animals and humans are like them: they are born, they mature, they reproduce, and then they die.
God, however, does not change: He did not evolve into divinity, He did not gradually become God, He did not develop his powers, nor did He undergo a path of enlightenment. The Bible does not support such views.
What God reveals about Himself in the Bible is that He is immutable: “I am the LORD, I change not” (Malachi 3:6, KJV), and this does not only apply to His nature, but also to His character.
God has always been God, and He will always be God. His nature and His character do not change: He remains the same forever (see Psalm 102:25-27).
- How have you changed over time? How do you think you will have changed fifty years from now?
- How do scientists think the Earth, the Solar System, the Milky Way Galaxy, and the universe have changed over time? According to them, how will these eventually cease to be?
- Why is it important for us to realize and believe that God does not change? How does this doctrine increase our faith in Him and our motivation to worship Him?
Lord, I recognize and believe that you do not change. You are God for all eternity, and I accept you in my heart and honor you as such with my life. How great you are! I recognize that I am a finite being, a mortal being: but you, Lord live forever! My faith and my trust are placed in you.
3. God Is All-Powerful
Read Luke 1:37
In a single year (2016), the U.S. used a total of 3,902,000,000,000 kilowatt hours, that is 3,902 billion kilowatt hours. That is a lot of power! Nevertheless, it does not compare to the amount of power produced by the Sun in one second: 38,460 septillion watts! That is, 38,460, 000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 watts.
Now, the Sun is only one star of many. Just how many? Some scientists estimate a total of 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars in the universe.
Going by these numbers, how much power do all these stars produce in a year? And how much power have they produced in the time they have been? These numbers truly defy imagination!
And yet, the Bible tells us that God created all these stars (Genesis 1:16) and that He maintains all of them in existence by his power (Hebrews 1:13). How powerful God must be! He truly is all powerful!
- Close your eyes and picture a star. Do you see the star in your mind? Picture now a second star? Keep adding stars in your mind without losing a clear picture of them all.
- Can you picture septillion stars?
- What other works or miracles has God done, and how do these make His power seem even greater than the existence of the stars does?
- What other verses of the Bible would you have used to prove that God is all powerful?
- Some people challenge God’s omnipotence by stating God cannot lie or create another god greater than Himself. Are these challenges legitimate? Do they really limit God’s power?
- How can we appropriately respond and relate to God’s overwhelming power?
God, Father, how much your power surpasses understanding! When I think about such power, I can only picture myself like a drop of water falling into the sun—I am consumed before ever reaching the surface. Who will not fear you? Who will not tremble before you? Who will not worship you? Anyone who does not bow before you will be like that drop of water.
Nevertheless, you invite me, through the grace of your Son Jesus Christ, to behold your glory, to come close to you, and to praise you for all eternity! How great and wonderful you are!
4. God Is A Spirit
Read John 4:24
God is by nature a spirit, not an organism made of matter. In both Classical Hebrew and Koiné, the word spirit refers to wind or breath. This, however, does not mean that God is air, but that He is transcendent: His being consists of something that is beyond what is physical, beyond what we can see or touch (Job 23:9; John 3:6,12).
This transcendence of God is logical. If God created the heavens, the earth, and the waters (Genesis 1:1-2); that is, if He created the universe, with all its matter, energy, time, and space; then God’s nature must be transcendent because He exists and lives without needing any of these (for He existed and lived prior to these).
Moreover, we ought to keep in mind that although the Bible tells us other spirit beings exist (Colossians 1:16), God also transcends them: God created them, and they do not share all His attributes (inherently eternal, omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient, etc.). Thus, God is unique, and He alone is God.
- How does science define life, and does this scientific definition apply to God or not?
- Read Genesis 1:26-27. How are we human beings both like God and different from God?
- The Bible tells us that other spirit beings exist. What do you know about them? How are they both like God and unlike Him?
- Why is God alone worthy of our worship, and why are these other spirit beings not worthy of our worship?
God, my God, you are transcendent, you are a spirit, you are wonderful! In all the universe, and in Heaven itself, there is none like you--you alone are God!
You are my God, and you alone I worship. You are my God, and in you alone I trust. You are my Creator, my Maker, my King, and my Redeemer.
5. God Is Sovereign
When God decided to create the universe and the world, He did not have to seek anyone’s permission; when He decided to create life and humankind, there was no principle over Him to direct Him. Guided by His own eternal wisdom and infinite righteousness, He does as He pleases. There is no one or nothing over Him: God is the ultimate authority.
God’s rule over everything and all is so absolute, a bird does not fall to the ground without God willing it (Matthew 10:29). Even human volition is subject to God’s sovereignty (Exodus 10:1, Proverbs 21:1).
- If God is sovereign, why is His creation able to rebel against Him?
- If God is sovereign, why do people have such a hard time accepting God as Lord of their hearts?
- What is the fate of all those who rebel against the sovereign God?
- How can we live in harmony with God’s sovereignty? What are the benefits of this?
O God, you alone are God! There is no one like you. You are the ultimate authority, Lord and King over everything that exists.
Those who rebel against you do so to their own demise: they dwell in a land of drought, famine, and darkness; they kick against a goad.
I humbly submit to your rule, my King and my God. I recognize you as Lord of my life and of my heart. Teach me to live in harmony with your rule over me, teach me to submit to your authority throughout everywhere I find it (there is no place where you don’t rule).
6. God Is Complex
God has revealed Himself to be complex. Just as humans have hearts, brains, and limbs, God reveals that there are different parts to Himself. God is a spirit (John 4:24), nevertheless there is a part of God that is called the Holy Spirit (see Genesis 1:2). God's word proceeds from God, carries out God's will, and returns to God (see Isaiah 55:11). God's presence (Exodus 33:14) and glory (Exodus 33:22) are also extensions of Himself.
The complexity of God is hardly comprehensible to us human beings, nevertheless God has chosen to reveal it to us in the Bible, and with good reason. The complexity God reveals about Himself is the foundation for what God would later reveal about Himself in the New Testament: that God is triune.
Questions for Reflection
- Why is it important that our understanding of God's nature be completely based on what the Bible reveals about God's nature?
- What do you understand about the doctrine of the Trinity?
- What Scriptures would you use to teach the doctrine of the Trinity?
Lord, you are marvellous! You exceed our understanding! How great you are! How beautiful you are! I praise you and worship you for who you are.
I humbly and meekly trust your word. I trust what you have revealed about yourself. Continue to teach me more about yourself so I can continue to praise you and fall in love with you. Amen.
© 2020 Marcelo Carcach