Nathaniel Stalling Jr is Pastor of Burning Bush Temple of Christ Church.
We, as Christians, have heard of the various covenants God made with men. We read in Genesis 12:1-3 the covenant He made with Abraham; Exodus 19 speaks of the covenant He made with Moses and Israel; He also speaks of the covenant He made with King David in 2 Samuel 7:10, 11. But, there is another covenant spoken of primarily among theologians. It is called ‘The Covenant of Redemption. A covenant that is not between God and man, but is between the members of the Trinity. It is basically an agreement between the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Wayne Grudem, research professor of Bible and theology at Phoenix Seminary in Phoenix, Arizona wrote in his book, ‘Systematic Theology’ An Introduction To Biblical Doctrine:
“It is an agreement among the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, in which the Son agreed to become a man, be our representative, obey the demands of the covenant of works on our behalf, and pay the penalty for sin, which we deserved.”
In this agreement the Father gave the Son a people whom he would redeem for his own possession as it says in the Scripture:
When Jesus had spoken these things, He raised His eyes to heaven [in prayer] and said, “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, so that Your Son may glorify You. Just as You have given Him power and authority over all mankind, [now glorify Him] so that He may give eternal life to all whom You have given Him [to be His – permanently and forever]. John 17:1,2 AMP
In the agreement the Son was sent to represent all mankind:
“So then as through one trespass [Adam’s sin], there resulted condemnation for all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. For just as through one man’s disobedience [his failure to hear, his carelessness] the many were made sinners, so through the obedience of the one Man the many will be made righteous and acceptable to God and brought into right standing with Him.” Romans 5:18, 19 AMP.
But, of course, to represent humanity you have to be human. The Father took the extraordinary step, according to the ‘Covenant of Redemption’, to allow His Son to breach creation on our behalf:
“Therefore, when Christ enters into the world, He says, “Sacrifice and offering You have not desired, But [instead] You have prepared a body for Me [to offer]; Hebrews 10:5 AMP.
On Son’s part He agreed to come into the world as a man and live as a man under the Mosaic law:
“But when [in God’s plan] the proper time had fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the [regulations of the] Law…” Galatians 4:4 AMP
The Son also agreed to protect all those whom the Father had given him, and none would be lost:
“While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and protected them, and not one of them was lost except the son of destruction so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.” John 17:12 AMP
The Father prepared a body for the Son, and the Son clothed himself with humanity and lived among us obedient to the Law.
In that heavenly council where the Trinity finalized the agreement on ‘the covenant of redemption’ the part of the Holy Spirit is sometimes overlooked. Nevertheless, the role the third person of the Trinity agreed upon was equally important. Without the empowering of the Holy Spirit Christ could not carry out his ministry on earth:
“Now Jesus, full of [and in perfect communication with] the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness…” Luke 4:1 AMP
“Then Jesus went back to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and the news about Him spread through the entire region…” Luke 4:14 AMP
“The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me [the Messiah] Because He has anointed Me to preach the good news to the poor. He has sent Me to announce release [pardon, forgiveness] to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are oppressed [downtrodden, bruised, crushed by tragedy],” Luke 4:18 AMP
According to the ‘Covenant of Redemption’ agreement the Holy Spirit had more work to do once Jesus ascended into heaven:
“And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper [Comforter, Advocate, Intercessor – Counselor, Strengthener, Standby], to be with you forever – the Spirit of Truth, whom the world cannot receive [and take to its heart] because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He [the Holy Spirit] remains with you continually and will be in you.” John 14:16, 17 AMP.
It becomes quite clear in light of the things written above that God’s plan of redemption could not be accomplished without a ‘man’.
© 2021 Nathaniel Stalling Jr