Skip to main content

Lessons We Learn from the Garden of Eden

Rev. Margaret Minnicks is an ordained Bible teacher. She writes many articles that are Bible lessons.


The Garden of Eden is one of the two gardens recorded in the Bible. The other one is the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus went to pray on the night of His arrest. The Garden of Eden is the first place mentioned in Genesis 2:10-14. It was a paradise when the first man and woman lived until they sinned. They had a perfect relationship with God until they disobeyed Him and were banished from that place.

After God placed the first man in the garden, He gave him specific instructions. Adam was free to eat from any tree in the garden except from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil that was in the middle of the garden among other trees.

In Genesis Chapter 3, when the woman was alone, a serpent enticed her to eat the forbidden fruit. Most people say the forbidden fruit was an apple, but that is not what the Bible says. After the woman ate the fruit, she gave some to the man and he ate. They were expelled from the garden to prevent them from eating from the tree of life and living forever in a state of sin. Cherubim were placed east of the garden, and a flaming sword turned every way to keep them out of the garden" (Genesis 3:24).

Even though we were not there at the time, we can learn some lessons from the place and the two people who lived there. So, what are some of those lessons?


1. God Gives Us Choices

God put the man and woman in the Garden of Eden that was filled with everything they needed. They could eat from every tree except from “the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” that was in the middle of the garden (Genesis 2:16-17). Because of God's love for the first couple, He also warned them of the terrible consequences of disobedience. He told the man, “In the day that you eat from it you shall surely die” (Genesis 2:17).

Lesson: God gives us choices. Along with those choices also come warnings of consequences if we do not obey Him.

2. God Provides for Our Needs

After God created Adam, God saw that a suitable partner was needed. Therefore, He created the first woman as a helpmate for Adam. After that, Adam had everything he needed for his comfort and pleasure. Even so, he did the one thing God told him not to do.

Lesson: We are not in the Garden of Eden, but God provides everything that we could possibly want and need.

3. Evil Exists in the Midst of Blessings

No matter how good things are going, evil exists in the midst of those blessings. The serpent tempted the woman until she gave into sin and invited her husband to participate in that sin by eating from the only tree they were forbidden to eat from.

The serpent directly contradicted God’s warning to the man and the woman by saying, “You surely shall not die!” (Genesis 3:4).

Lesson: Satan is deceitful and the “Father of Lies.” He shows us even in the midst of our blessings from God.

4. Our Choices Have Consequences

As a result of the first man and woman's disobedience, God cursed them and banished them from the Garden of Eden.

Lesson: God allows us to make our own choices. After all, He gave us free will. Sinning against God always has consequences. The bad consequences might not come immediately, but they will come.

5. No One Can Hide From God

Immediately after Adam and Eve disobeyed God, they saw their nakedness and felt shame. They tried to cover themselves with fig leaves, but they were insufficient to erase the penalty for their sin. God stepped in and made garments of skin for Adam and his wife (Genesis 3:21).

When they heard the sound of God walking in the garden, they tried to hide among the trees (Genesis 3:8). God saw them and questioned them about their disobedience.

Lesson: No one can hide from God because He is everywhere and sees everything.

6. No Need to Blame Others

When God had an encounter with Adam, the first thing Adam did was to blame Eve and God by saying, "The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat (Genesis 3:12).

Then Eve blamed the serpent, "The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat" (Genesis 3:13).

Lesson: The penalty for sin cannot be erased by blaming others. God holds all people responsible for their own sins.

7. Sin Changes Everything

Before Adam and Eve sinned, they had a perfect relationship with God and with each other. Their disobedience changed everything.

  • They became separated from God.
  • They became separated from each other.
  • Their relationship changed with God and with each other.
  • They experienced for the first time fear, shamefulness, guilt and remorse.
  • They received punishment.
  • They did not receive physical death at that time, but they experienced spiritual and emotional death.
  • Adam and Eve were no longer innocent. Their lives were tainted.
  • They had to wear clothes from then on to hide their nakedness.
  • Before they sinned, the woman had no name. She was known only by the title, "Woman." Adam named her in Genesis 3:20 after the sin and after they had been banished from the garden.

Lesson: To please God and to be in right relationship with Him, obey what He says.

Related Articles