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Holy Spirit - The Ultimate and Detailed Introduction

Daniel is a bible teacher who spends time studying and meditating on God's word. He loves sharing biblical knowledge with others.


You've most likely heard of God and Jesus. These are names that appear to be familiar to everyone in the world. But it's a different scenario when it comes to the Holy Spirit. Unfortunately, even among Christians, the Holy Spirit appears to be a mystery.

A Christian can easily provide you with accurate knowledge about God and Jesus, but they may struggle to convey their understanding of the Holy Spirit. This way, it appears as though the Holy Spirit is somewhat underrated. If only we could comprehend half of who the Holy Spirit is, so many things would change in our lives, societies, and nations.

Let us now dive into the real things and see who the Holy Spirit is.

He is a person

There is no more solid foundation for understanding who the Holy Spirit is than this. People who don't believe that the Holy Spirit is a person will by no chance believe other greater truths about him. He is a person and not a "thing" or just some powerful force. He is the third person of the Trinity, which comprises God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.

Consider these words from Jesus:

Nevertheless, I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you. And when He has come, he will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment. (John 16:7-8)

It's worth noting that Jesus refers to the Holy Spirit as a person rather than a thing or a force. Otherwise, his statements would have been something like, "I will send it," or "And when it has come, it will ..." You get the point.

We can tell from the Bible that the Holy Spirit exhibits attributes for people. Here are a few examples:

The Holy Spirit can speak.

The Spirit told Philip, "Go to that chariot and stay near it." (Acts 8:29)

While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them." (Acts 13:2)

The Holy Spirit can be grieved.

And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. (Ephesians 4:30)

More passages on how the Holy Spirit is a person can be found in this article.

The Holy Spirit is God

If you are familiar with the Trinity, you should be aware that the Holy Spirit is God. Many people find it difficult to believe, let alone comprehend. They think of the Holy Spirit as just some portion of power from God. However, the Bible has several scriptures that attest to the equality of God and the Holy Spirit.

Consider the following passage from the Bible:

Then Peter said, "Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit ... What made you think of doing such a thing? You have not lied just to human beings but to God." (Acts 5:3-4)

As you can see, Peter first states that Ananias lied to the Holy Spirit. Then, within the same context again, he states that Ananias lied to God. Peter, therefore, gives us a clear understanding of the Holy Spirit's equality with God.

So what God is, the Holy Spirit is, and what God can do, the Holy Spirit can do.

He lives in us believers!

It is fascinating and good news-too good to seem not real that the Holy Spirit, who is full of life, power, knowledge, and wisdom, lives inside of us! The bad news is that this doesn't apply to every person on the face of the earth. You must be a believer, having placed your faith in Christ Jesus as your personal Lord and Savior, to enjoy the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

This truth is revealed in one of the most commonly quoted Bible verses:

Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? (1 Corinthians 6:19)

Below is the equivalent verse to the one above:

Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? (1 Corinthians 3:16)

Consider these examples too:

But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you. (Romans 8:11)

And what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For you are the temple of the living God. As God has said: "I will dwell in them and walk among them. I will be their God and they shall be my people." (2 Chorinthians 6:16)

Is the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament?

All the well-known scriptures about the Holy Spirit are found in the New Testament. As a result, many Christians believe that the Holy Spirit only appears in the New Testament. This, however, could not be further from the truth. If you study the old testament carefully, you will realize that the Holy Spirit wasn't any less active during that period than in the new testament.

The Holy Spirit was involved in the creation of the world! See what the Scripture tells us.

By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, and by the breath of his mouth all their host. (Psalm 33:6)

Whenever the Bible uses the words "breath of God" or "breath of his mouth", it is essentially referring to the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit has always been the power through which God works.

The Holy Spirit inspired the authors of the Old Testament books. It is not God who came down and narrated to them as they wrote. In other words, the Holy Spirit gave them the word of knowledge. The prophets who spoke about Jesus couldn't have had that knowledge if they were not inspired by the Holy Spirit. Peter reveals this truth in his writing below:

for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. (2 Peter 1:21)

Remember Samson in the Bible?

The Holy Spirit made the power of God available to men in the old testament. I suppose you are familiar with the story of Samson, a great man of God who destroyed the enemies of Israel in his generation. You can read about him in the book of Judges, chapters 13 to 16. The power he used to destroy their enemies was not his own power but of the Spirit of God who is the Holy Spirit. In the Bible, whenever Samson is about to do an extraordinary or supernatural act, you can see the preceding scriptures having words like "the Spirit of the Lord came upon him". Consider this example:

When he came to Lehi, the Philistines came shouting against him. Then the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him; and the ropes that were on his arms became like flux that is burned with fire, and his bonds broke loose from his hands. (Judges 15:14)

I hope that this article has given you a good overview of the Holy Spirit.