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⇩ Digging Deeper option
M Memory verse suggestion
__________________________________________________________________ Read Ruth Chapter 2. Write out any verses, phrases or anything that stands out to you here:
Read verse 1. What kind of man was Boaz?
Reread Ruth 1:1 and Judges 2:10-13 and Judges 17:6. A wise man (my father) said to me that “to be a man of honor in an evil time is exceedingly honorable.” It was easy to get away with evil in this time in history. It was a wicked, lawless time, like a free-for-all, without police or protection, when evil abounded. It was like during some riots that have happened in America that police could not contain, or like South Africa, the “rape capital of the world”, where a female medical technician developed an anti-rape device for women to wear to try to protect them (though the device has not yet been mass marketed). Like the need for the Gulabi Gang in India, women in a large group who carry huge sticks and protect/avenge domestic violence and rape victims, and accompany each other to their daily tasks to prevent rape and kidnapping and abuse. These were dangerous times when evil abounded.
“Never let a man imagine that he can pursue a good end by evil means, without sinning against his own soul. The evil effect on himself is certain.” -Robert Southey
“All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing.” -Edmund Burke
The phrase “man of noble character” used here is the same as in Judges 6:12 which says in different translations “mighty man of valor”, “mighty warrior/hero” or “valiant warrior.” The descriptive word “hayil” here can mean wealthy, great, strong, powerful, noble, capable, commanding an army, valor, excellent, or valiant.
What does valiant mean and what are some synonyms not listed above?
Read verses 2-3. Where was Ruth from and where was she now residing?
Read Exodus 22:21-22, Lev. 19:34. How were the Israelites commanded to treat resident aliens and widows?
What else are they commanded in Deut. 24:19-22 that applies to Ruth?
What family was Boaz from?__________________ and who was that man?
Read verses 4-6. With what words did Boaz’s harvesters greet him?
How does it appear they thought of him or how did he seem to be regarded by those who worked for him?
What did Boaz ask?
This phrase could also mean, “under whose protection is she?” This would be an important question not only because it was a dangerous time in this land when women were vulnerable to attack and needed protection, but it also suggests that he noticed her, perhaps because he found her attractive, and wanted to know if she was already “taken.”
Read verses 7-9. What does verse 7 suggest about Ruth’s work ethic (working from early morning til evening) and character?
What things did Boaz tell Ruth to do?
In verse 8, Boaz calls her "daughter", suggesting she is younger than him. A father also is supposed to protect his daughter, as a parent should any child, and this word of direct address suggests he desires to and would protect her (which is later confirmed). His words also imply that he didn’t want her to leave, so he could better protect her, and possibly to be near her and see her again (since he knew she was a widow and therefore single). He also said she should stay away from the young men, probably to avoid scandal, impropriety, or their temptation to flirt with her or more. He knew Ruth would be safest with the other women, as would her untarnished reputation. He also had ordered the young men to fill the water jars for the women (probably because they were physically stronger day laborers) for the women to go and drink whenever they needed it.
Read verse 10. What descriptive adjective does she call Boaz/ask about his being (HCSB, NLT)? _______ (some versions also say she found f___________ (ESV, NIV, NASB, NKJV). The KJV says she found g__________
What verb does she say he then does? ___________ her even though she is a _____________
She had probably heard the story of Isaac and Rebekah and how he was told to get a wife from his father’s clan (Gen. 24:37-40), not a foreigner. She might not have thought herself worthy of his kindness, because now that her husband had died, she did not think of herself as an Israelite by marriage anymore.
Read verses 11-12. What had been reported to Boaz?
How did her character, her reputation, go before her and begin to win him over?
What does this say about the importance of doing the right thing and maintaining integrity/a good reputation?
What blessing did Boaz say to Ruth?
Boaz said she had taken ____________ under the w___________ of the Lord God of Israel.
Naomi may not have felt that to be true when her sons died, but it will prove so in the subsequent chapters and Boaz’s treatment of Ruth.
⇩ Digging Deeper option: Later, the Psalms would repeat this theme: Read Psalm 36:7, 57:1, 63:7, 91:4.
Read verse 13. What are the action verbs Ruth says Boaz did for her?
Would you say she appreciates this about him and why?
Again remembering this is a lawless time, what does what Boaz did for Ruth say about the typical behavior of masters and field owners versus Boaz? (even though she is not an Israelite servant/worker, and not necessarily entitled to the same higher treatment they are supposed to receive)
Read verse 14-18. At the mealtime, where does Boaz tell Ruth to eat?
Rev. 6:6 says six pounds or three quarts of barley for a day’s wages (and that book was written over 1,000 years later, so inflation could have occurred). Some verses say an ephah here (about 20 or 26 quarts—depending on what Bible version you’re reading—or about 29 pounds). Even if that had been the customary ratio of the day, was Boaz stingy at the meal or with Ruth’s gathering of grain?_________ What did he order his young male workers to do for her?
How long did Ruth work and what did she obtain?
Notice that before she left, she beat the barley grain out of the stalks. So after spending all day picking up barley stalks in the heat and sun, she still stayed and finished the work before returning (this also made it easier to carry). What did Ruth do with the leftover food from her meal earlier?
What descriptive adjectives would you use to describe Ruth here?
Read verses 19-20. In each of these verses, what did Naomi say about the owner of the field where Ruth worked?
The Hebrew word for "noticed" here is "nakar", which can also be translated as regard, recognize, acknowledge, distinguish, perceive. Why is this not only flattering to her, but also the desire of Ruth's heart?
Why is this the desire of all people in regard to the ones we love most, for our character as well as our work?
How can we make sure we go to God to meet that need more than people?
⇩ Digging Deeper option: The name Redeemer is also used in Isaiah 52:3 and 63:4. Who is it talking about there and how did He fulfill that promise?
How is Ruth 1:20-21 different from 2:20?
What does Naomi call Boaz in verse 20?
“Family redeemer” or “kinsman redeemer” or "guardian redeemer" (depending on which translation of the Bible you use) is a term used in numerous verses and occasions. In Lev. 25:25-31, a male family member could buy back or “redeem” property his relative had sold to someone else. In Deut. 25:5 if a man died without children and had a brother, that brother was to marry the widow and have a child to carry on her husband’s name and inheritance. In Lev. 25:47-48, a family redeemer could buy back a family member who had become poor or destitute and sold themselves as a servant or slave. In some versions of Ruth, she calls herself Boaz’s servant, and in others, she is called his slave (2:13). God told the Israelites in Exodus 6:6 that “I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts...” God is the greatest Redeemer and eventually sent His Son to save us all, which is what this concept ultimately points toward. ( Spoiler alert: Jesus is also a descendant of Ruth and Boaz).
Read verses 21-23. Why was it good for Ruth to stay with the young women and in Boaz’s field, according to Naomi?
Wheat was typically harvested in May, so it may have been late May or June when the harvest was finished, depending how late in the month they began harvesting. If Boaz had noticed Ruth, respected her and her reputation and hard work ethic, was offering her his protection, and was her kinsman or family redeemer, why else was it good she stayed working in his fields?
Conclusion of the chapter:
What verse or passage stood out to you most?
What are each of the promises in this chapter?
What verse are you working on memorizing?
What’s your biggest takeaway idea or lesson from this chapter?
© 2021 Amanda Lorenzo