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The First Five of Allah's Ninety-Nine Beautiful Names

Misbah is a practicing spiritual Muslim. She wishes to spread the word of Allah and Islam throughout the world through her writings.

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Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Raheem

"In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful"

— Islamic phrase

The 99 Names and Attributes of Allah (SWT)

In Islam, Allah has 99 beautiful names. These names describe different attributes of Allah. In Arabic, Urdu, and many other languages these names are known as Al-Asma-ul-Husna.

There are five pillars of Islam. A person cannot be a Muslim without believing those pillars. Belief in Allah is the first pillar of Imaan (faith) in Islam. We trust in Allah based on His magnificent names and qualities as Muslims. Allah has repeatedly revealed His names in the Holy Quran for us to comprehend who He is.

Knowing and remembering Allah's names will help us in identifying the correct way to believe in Him. Understanding Allah's names and living by them is the most sacred and blessed thing we can do. How can we love, fear, worship, or believe our Lord, the Almighty Allah, if we don't recognize who He is?

Allah – there is no deity except Him. To Him belong the best names.

— (Quran 20:8)

According to a hadith (Hadith are the words of Prophet Muhammad PBUH) “Allah has ninety-nine names, i.e. One-hundred minus one, and whoever will learn them, will go to Paradise.” (Sahih Bukhari 50:894)

On another occasion, a companion of Prophet Muhammad PBUH, Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah said: "There are 99 names of Allah; he who will memorize them would get into Paradise. Verily, Allah is Odd (Unique, He is one, and it is an odd number) and He loves odd numbers..” (Sahih Muslim Book-48 Hadith-5.) Allah has 99 names and the number 99 is also an odd number.

Following are the names of Allah in order, their meanings, and their explanation

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1) Ar-Rahmaan

Ar Rahmaan is the first name of Allah that means "The Most Beneficent, and the Most Compassionate". Allah is He, who wills goodness and mercy for all His creatures. He loves all his creations. Ar-Rahmaan, The only One who bestows success and equality on all of His creation. He is the most merciful, compassionate, and caring towards all his creation including believers and disbelievers. He is all-inclusive and welcomes everyone.

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2) Ar-Raheem

Ar Raheem means The Merciful. He who acts with extreme kindness. It means the owner of mercy that encompasses his creation. Ar-Rahmaan and Ar-Raheem (Ar- Rahim) are two of Allah's names that refer to Allah's attribute of Mercy. Although they are connected, the meanings are not the same.

Both Raheem and Rahman are derived from the root Raa-Haa-Meem, which indicates four different meanings. The first meaning is to be gentle and loving, while the second is to be merciful. The third definition is to show favor, and the fourth is to have everything needed for benevolence.

The names Ar Rahman and Ar Raheem that Allah has kept in Bismillah. Bismillah is the Arabic phrase that Muslims use to recite before starting anything.

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim means In the name of Allah, the most beneficent, the most merciful.

Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.”

— (Quran 39:53)

Verily, Allah has written down the good deeds and the bad deeds, and then explained them to us so that we can differentiate between good and bad. Allah's mercy can be seen from this hadith by Bukhari & Muslims (the authentic hadiths): Whoever planned to do a good deed but did not do it, then Allah writes it down as a completed good deed. And if he planned to do it and then perform it, then Allah writes it down as ten good deeds up to seven hundred times, up to many times multiplied. And if a person planned to perform a bad/ evil deed, but did not make it, then Allah writes it down as a full good deed. And if he intended to do the evil deed and then did it, then Allah writes it down as one evil deed.” (This shows how Merciful Allah Almighty is, how the creation will not love such a compassionate creator?) No matter whatever sin we commit, Allah will always forgive us if we ask for his forgiveness. That’s the beauty of Allah - Ar-Raheem.

Whenever Ar-Raheem gives you a trial, know that no one can give you a way out but Him, so turn to Him as soon as hardship hits you. And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Him; and if He intends for you good, then there is no repeller of His bounty. He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful

— [Quran, 10:107].

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3) Al-Malik

Al-Malik means the Ruler, the one and only Sovereign Lord. He who is the Supreme King of the entire universe. Everything is in his control. He is the King of kings. The only Superpower. In Quran, Allah says, "High above all is Allah, the King, the Truth! Be not in haste with the Qur'an before its revelation to thee is completed, but say, "O my Lord! Advance me in knowledge." (Al Quran- 20:114)

This name of Allah shows that the Creator, Allah is the owner of everything in existence. Allah is the only owner of everything. Everything belongs to Him. He is the only Absolute Ruler.

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4) Al-Quddus

This name of Allah means The Most Sacred. The Holiest and the Purest. The One who is clear from any imperfections, flaws, and free from all sorts of desires. The word Qudoos is derived from the root q-d-s, which means "to be pure, clear, stainless, to be far distant from impurity or flaw, to be holy, sacred, and divine."

In Holy Quran (62:1), Allah says, "Whatever is there in the heavens and whatever is there on the earth is praising Allah, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Exalted in Might, the Wise."

Allah is free of any fault and flaws, he has no weaknesses, and evil is not attributed to Him. For all that is pure, perfect, grand, and sublime qualities belong to Him.

He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him.

— (Holy Quran 59:23)

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5) As-Salam

As-Salam is the fifth of the ninety-nine names of Allah. This name means The Embodiment of Peace. In Quran, Allah says, "Allah is He, than Whom there is no other god;- the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Source of Peace (and Perfection), the Protector of Faith (Imaan), the Preserver of Safety, the Exalted in Might, the Powerful, the Supreme: Glory to Allah. (High is He) above the partners, they attribute to Him." (Al Quran 59:23)

This name of Allah shows that He is the only One who grants peace and safety to all his creation. Allah is free from all kinds of weaknesses. He is the only source of love, peace, and protection for mankind.

This name of Allah is derived from the root s-l-m which has the following classical Arabic meanings: to be peaceful, calm, tranquil, friendly, loving, free from imperfections, free from errors, complete, whole, sound to be safe, reliable, prosperous, and secure.

“Whenever they kindle a fire of war, Allah extinguishes it; and they strive to create disorder in the earth, and Allah loves not those who create disorder.”

— Holy Quran Surah Al-Ma’idah – 5:65

Coke Studio Special | Asma-ul-Husna | The 99 Names of Allah with English Translation | Atif Aslam

Resources

99 Names of Allah (Al Asma Ul Husna)

Al-Asma-ul-Husna

Ar-Rahmaan

Ar Raheem

What Does Bismillah Mean?

© 2021 Misbah Sheikh

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