Skip to main content

A Glimpse Into The World of Haiku

Manatita is an esteemed author living in London, UK. He writes spiritual books, flash fiction and esoteric poetry, his favourite genre.

slokas-and-haiku

Slokas


The ancient Seers and Rishis, wrote in the language of Slokas, (Sanskrit song) an epic verse par excellence, usually of sixteen syllables or two lines of eight syllables per half-line. It is quite frequent in the Gita.

Slokas by nature, require much reflection and indeed in just a few words, the God-man or direct descendant of God, can say so much! It is a common practice in spiritual groups to read and re-read the Slokas, as they are pregnant with meaning and can be seen with a new light from each read, particularly if the book is opened at random.

This is a practice among Sufi’s but some other spiritual groups are also familiar with this form of acquiring knowledge, or seeking guidance when in despair. Slokas are similar to aphorisms, but more like the Psalms of David or the Beatitudes of Christ in sublimity and style.

Now just as it is said that soccer came from an ancient civilization and was systematized by the Europeans, so too, Slokas has been modernized either consciously or unconsciously by different traditions, especially those seeking beauty or wisdom in one form or another.

One such form is the Haiku, not new, the early Zen masters made effective use of it. Nevertheless, just as music and tradition take from different ancient cultures, so too a gradual evolution of Haiku came with the spirit of self-transcendence... progress.

It is worth noting, that a good Sloka would have the effect of illumining, enlightening, awakening … it is filled with beauty, light and is designed to inspire or awaken the Heart. Haiku’s can be very similar, conveying vivid images in a condensed form of poetry.

Haiku

slokas-and-haiku

What is a Haiku?


The term Haiku, was initially derived from the word haikai, a humorous or light verse. The hokku (often interchangeably called haikai) became known as the Haiku late in the 19th century, when it was entirely removed from its original function of opening a sequence of verse. (Encyclopedia Britanica)

Haiku is a traditional form of Japanese poetry of three lines, with each line being 5, 7 and 5, syllables respectively, adding to a total of seventeen. Its subject can be many themes, but in general, it mentions the seasons, a seasonal word, or something in nature: wind, sky, animal, moon, rose, colour, etc. The lines rarely rhyme:

Spring morning marvel

lovely nameless little hill

on a sea of mist - Basho

“A Haiku … is a way of looking at the physical world and seeing something deeper, like the very nature of existence. It should leave the reader with a strong feeling or impression.” - examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-haiku-poems.html

Haiku may be punctuated, depending on the needs of the poem. It expresses simplicity and wisdom, in a very succinct way. Ellipsis (three dots) are a suitable form of punctuation for Haikus, but commas and dash are used where needed.

slokas-and-haiku

Haiku Masters


The Four great Haiku Masters, all came from Japan: Matsuo Basho, Kobayashi Issa, Masaoka Shiki, and Yosa Buson. Although their work is still the model for traditional Japanese poetry, the Haiku has evolved yet again, especially in the West and some free-style versions have been included.

Basho (1644-1694), is considered the greatest Haiku poet. Here is an example of his work:

An old silent pond...
A frog jumps into the pond,
splash! Silence again.

Kobayashi (1763 – 1828) is also influential:

Everything I touch
with tenderness, alas,
pricks like a bramble.

Masaoka Shiki, (1867 – 1902)

The summer river:
although there is a bridge, my horse
goes through the water.

Some western poets and Japanese too, are not necessarily strict with the structure, but they also bring out the beauty and simplicity of the Haiku. Here are a couple of examples:

From across the lake,

Past the black winter trees,

Faint sounds of a flute. – Richard Wright.

A little boy sings

On a terrace, eyes aglow.

Ridge spills upwards. – Robert yehling

slokas-and-haiku

Slokas are by nature spiritual, appealing to the spiritual Heart;

"As a man casts of his worn-out garments and puts on new ones,

So too, the soul casts of its worn out garments and puts on new ones, for manifestation."

Haiku appeals predominantly to the senses, but also addresses the quality of the Heart. I have taken the liberty to name all my Haiku, but they are not usually so.

I have also stayed with the traditional form of 5,7,5, totalling 17 syllables. A more free-style form, very similar to the Haiku, is called a Senryu, which I have not done here. They deal more with human nature and can be satirical and funny.

Renewal

The old noise subsides

A lustered dawn descending

Hope’s promise blossoms


A New Year

The night is fading

A new consciousness descends

Roses bloom anew


Silence Enters

Now seeing, feeling

The bird of Silence enters

His Love’s peerless Bliss


Spring’s Exquisite Song

Brush on easel strokes

Painting Spring’s exquisite song --

Love’s beautiful face.


Stunned by Its Beauty

Stunned by Its beauty

The rose blushed in nakedness

Love’s unspoken Light


That wondrous feeling

The light zephyrs sing

willows whisper to the moon

Twilight stars descending


Love’s Supernal Wine

Shadowed mirror fades

Moons descend and kiss my soul

Love’s supernal wine


Sweet Tender Moments

Sweet tender moments

My delicate Heart unfurls

A beautiful rose


The Jewel of Forgiveness

Forgive … love … more Love

The dazzling moon emerges

A new dawn awakes


Winter’s Charm

"Beautiful weather

White snow settles upon cars

The hanging trees waltz (A spontaneous piece 22/1/20, taken from an inspiring snow photo by John Hansen)


All the named Haiku are done by Manatita, The Lantern Carrier. 8th January, 2020

References: teacherscholarastic.com; examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-haiku-poems.html; Meriam-webster.com; Encyclopedia Britannica; Wikipedia.org; Free dictionary.com

Slokas and Haiku

© 2020 manatita44

Related Articles