One of the great adventures which my wife and I have taken in our travels was a three week multiple train ride beginning in Warsaw, continuing through Prague, Budapest, Sophia, and Thessaloniki to Athens, where we spent almost a week, with a couple of days in Santorini, then back to Athens and then on to Istanbul.
Santorini, of course, was as different from the other places that we visited as it could have been. The others were mostly landlocked, big cities and countryside beside the railroad tracks that we traveled along, including the one through Romania where our crusty train conductor warned us to beware of "bandits" during the night through Romania. Fortunately, we encountered none.
Santorini is a partially circular island in the Aegean, about 120 miles southeast of Athens, shaped much a C from where we stayed on the island, with gaps between parts of it, left by the volcanic eruption which blew its top and most of its substance away, in the same way that we we also find Crater Lake in Oregon. This eruption of Thera, as the island was originally called, occurred sometime around 1500 BCE.
Ours was a lovely place to stay at Aoi, at the north end of the "town" with ample places to eat and to buy jewelry, food, and other such items. The buildings were almost all bright white walled, with brilliant blue roofs, absolutely picturesque, and where we had a peacefully, wonderful time.
I discussed the name of Santorini with our innkeeper, noting that Santorini did not sound Greek to me. He told me that the island received its present name at a time when it was under the control of Rome and was named after the Catholic Saint Irene.
To me, the really interesting question relating to Santorini is if the island was the original place of the fabled city of Atlantis. Plato, among others, mentions Atlantis as an important place in the antiquity of classical Greece. There are extensive archaeological digs on the island studying its history so that someday this question may be answered.
The ferry port for the island is in the south. Our internet-found small hotel was at Oai, high on a cliff looking toward the center opening of the C and toward the ferry port all the way across the island from where we stayed, costing us a 30 euro taxi ride each way, plus tip.
Source: Personal experience and Wikipedia article
a century ago now
a discussion of our western world’s
history of ideas
in college class textbook
(only half seriously,
posited the idea
that greece’s classical greatness
in architecture, sculpture, literature, philosophy
and all its intellectual might
was made possible
(if not caused)
by the remarkably clear aegean air
of its northeastern corner of
the then known world’s middle sea
an impossible theory now
on santorini's crater’s edge
nearing spring day’s end,
we feel, almost,
red sunset coming
caused, in part,
by the med's hanging black haze
those shorelines, hills, valleys
cities and towns around
destroying in a decade
of acid rain's dissolution
in only ten years
what formerly took
a full century of marring
now human-caused destruction
of incessant pollution
of greece's greatness
above the ancient world
as mountain tops above seashores
modern culture's destructiveness
to even the brilliantly clear air
of greece's sea
is beyond belief
if not seen
and known to exist
Aegean Air Pollution
The first time that I was in the Mediterranean, about 1990, I noticed considerable haze in Athens and on the sea. The second time that I was there more than a decade later, l thought that the pollution may have been worse. In the picture above, a great deal of pollution can be seen in the sunset, apparently partially causing the red sunset. I was told by a tour guide at Athens that the acid rain from human activity caused the pollution which is damaging the marble stonework in Greece at a ten to one rate in comparison to the damage which would be done without the pollution. Assuming that this is true, which I do, this is a terrible waste of beautiful stone and a great waste of artistic architecture in this cradle of much of our Western Culture's heritage, a terrible tragedy, as far as I am concerned.
Source, personal experience and information from Greek tour guides.