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National Poetry Day, 3 October 2019: Benefits of Poetry, Studying and Writing Poems, Examples


Ann loves to write poetry and stories. Current poetry on Nature, Travel & beyond, including varied poetic structures.

What Inspires?

Stunning Somerset Sunset

Stunning Somerset Sunset

Promotion of Poetry

National Poetry Day is a British campaign to promote poetry, including public performances. It was founded in 1994 by William Sieghart and takes place annually in the UK and Ireland on the first Thursday in October. To my shame I didn’t find out about this until yesterday, Thursday the 3rd of October! This year’s theme is ‘Truth’.

I assumed it was a Poetry Day for England, one of the four nations of the UK but no, it’s for the UK and Ireland, so stretching the true meaning of ‘national’. Don’t get me wrong! This is a good thing. We need to spread poetry around more and more. It’s an integral strand of writing, which in turn is protected by the umbrella of ‘The Arts’. The many varied forms of writing, from the traditional to the contemporary, are not, in my opinion, celebrated to the extent they deserve.

Benefits of Poetry

Why poetry rather than prose? Well, each has its place of course. I find that one suits better than the other, depending on the subject matter. Sometimes I’ll use both to show a different tack on a theme.

For me, poetry

  • is more concise,
  • makes you stick to the rules or…
  • …gives you freedom (in free verse),
  • must have a rhythm to suit the theme,
  • can condense words to convey more (as long as they’re well chosen!)
  • is great for concentrating on emotions.

Studying Poetry

When I was at school, I regarded poetry as tedious. I had good English teachers so I guess the failing was in me or perhaps I wasn’t old enough or mature enough to appreciate it. I do find that the older I am, the more appreciation I have for this medium. Fortunately, children are encouraged more actively to write poetry in the classroom these days.

Of course, the form of poetry can make a difference. Personally, I love free verse, as long as there is a strong rhythm to carry me along, be it gentle or emphatic, as the strength comes from its suitability and continuity rather than any other quality. It doesn’t mean that you can just write anything with shorter lines than prose!

A traditional sonnet, with its strict structure. can be beautiful but flowery language is not my scene. Nor do I have a high regard for Wordsworth’s efforts, not even for the ‘golden daffodils’ despite them being my favourite flowers!

Japanese Haiku poems are an art in themselves, following set rules within a frame of strict numbers of syllables (3 lines of 5, 7, 5 syllables). They should have some reference to nature and include a twist, or surprise, in the last line. Their simplicity is their charm, though they often evoke strong, possibly alarming, impact.

Limericks? Are they proper poetry or just side-paths to frivolity? I’ll leave that to you to decide.

As we see, poetry is subjective so whatever you feel about it is entirely down to you. There is no right or wrong.

John Betjeman (a favourite of mine)

Poet Laureate of the UK from 1972 until his death in 1984.  He had a clarity of style which appealed to me.

Poet Laureate of the UK from 1972 until his death in 1984. He had a clarity of style which appealed to me.

How to Write Poetry

Study various forms. Find out what you enjoy reading and see if you can write in the same vein. Look at the rhythm, the rhymes and the ‘shape’ of the poem. They can show a pattern on the page, the right-hand edge flowing in and out, or becoming gradually longer until the last line stretches beyond the rest. You are not obliged to use rhyme, nor to have regular patterns of any sort.

Again, you write as you wish. There are no longer hard and fast rules for contemporary poetry. It gives us a freedom that many of our forerunners did not have.

As with any form of writing, choose your words carefully, pare them out, look at alternatives, beware of clichés and always, always proof-read at least twice! So many errors can shriek from the page unless you have checked.

This is my offering on a blustery October day, sticking to the theme of 'truth':

Truth of a Turbulent Week

Sunday I fell, what a fool,

the carpet roll stubbed my toes,

down I went smack on my knee-cap;

rolled in agony.

Monday I limped into town,

a check at the optometrist’s,

the luxury of choosing new specs,

retail therapy.

Tuesday, a day of rest,

shelter from gales and rain so

I could ease my aches and bruises,

glad of respite.

Wednesday in Weston, the joy

of sunshine, on open-top bus,

surveying Somerset scenery,

cobwebs away!

Thursday and Friday, more rain,

Poetry Day gave us Liv Torc,

creating verbal pictures of home,

honest reflections.

Turbulent waves returned, thrown

by sea-wall rejecting a flood,

one-time threat disappeared

forever safe now.

Saturday forecast of gales,

sent by Atlantic hurricane,

I’ll stay in and write in the warm,

muse in full flood.

Sunday, back to sunshine!

A typical English October,

we’re constantly kept on our toes

and mine are repaired.

Sea-wall Defences and Blustery Buses!

Huge Curved Wall to Prevent Flooding

Huge Curved Wall to Prevent Flooding

Open-top Bus to Weston-super-Mare

Open-top Bus to Weston-super-Mare


This piece was inspired by the sight of Burnham Beach on a wild morning when the gales whipped the waters to pound the shifting sands. It’s an acrostic, using the consecutive letters of ‘poetry’ to start each line.

Be True to Yourself

Place your feet on solid ground.

Open your soul to treasures found.

Even sands become rippled, muddied.

Truth can hide a mind that’s sullied.

Ride the waves that crash to shore!

You will survive to rise and roar.

Next, a glimpse of the seashore in gentler mood.

Purest Panorama

Sands of glass,

mirror glass on water,

palest blue to buttermilk grains.

Gentle air

lifts spirits flagging,

vast horizon smiles through my veins.

Glass and Mirrors

Sands of Glass

Sands of Glass

Mirrored Horizons

Mirrored Horizons

Local Fame

A local Somerset poet, Liv Torc, performed her contribution to Poetry Day on the beach at Brean Down, the north end of Burnham and Berrow beach. It was aired on Points West television. Her candid reflections on the good and not-so-good aspects of Somerset were entertaining and thought-provoking. Here is her poem:

Somerset - by Liv Torc

From the road in Somerset

a wilting willow man,

chased off the fields by warehouses,

pollarded by council funding cuts

The bedraggled cousin of the Angel of the North

staring down the M5

holding out its guts.


People drive through fast

We are a patchwork blur

a consonant slur

a place on the way to somewhere else

with better views or brasher lights

We see it all

from the heights of our mystic tor

and ragwort depths of our flooded floor.

Pull back our hedgerows

like an ancient prison grate

Follow us like a tractor into traffic

Tip us like a cow

We are nuclear fission

scrumpy soused double vision

A gypsy cart on the sweet track

A steam train on its way back

A festival of 400,000 eyes

looking upwards.

We are a Parrett full of writhing elvers

A wild eyed Exmoor foal

A jilted witch

turned to stalagmite

in a Wookey hole.

Centuries ago we rode in on a tsunami

Danced to the drums of the Minehead Hobby Horse

The Girt Dog of Langport snapping at our heels

Now we are 400 village strong

Gold spun in apple blossom sun

Our smiles fermenting

on the tips of cheese and pickle

pirate tongues


We keep our families and our elders

but we cannot keep our young

They leave the orchards

for the hipster beer

and strange idea

That something better can be found

in bigger cities



While we weave and crusade

Unafraid to be homemade

Always on the levels.

© Liv Torc

(see below for links)

Explanations & Illustrations

Liv Torc’s poem requires explanation of some words, local places and relevant history.

Somerset is an ancient land of apple orchards and cider farming, of crop and dairy farming and much of its acreage, the Somerset Levels, is below sea level, hence susceptible to flooding, despite the irrigation system of sluice gates and rhynes (ditches). The Mendip Hills provide a northerly contrasting backdrop to the Levels.

The Willow Man

The Willow Man is a large outdoor sculpture by Serena de la Hey. It stands in a field next to the northbound M5. He is ‘bedraggled’ because he’s been vandalised and is ‘holding out his guts’ due to lack of repair.

Weaving willows is used to create much more. There is a tradition of basket weaving, and even coffin making, using the soft, pliant willow trees which abound in this county. Many stand by the rhynes and are subject to an annual drastic pruning, hence ’pollarded’.

The Angel of the North refers to a much bigger effigy seen from the M6 near Gateshead, south of Newcastle. He is strong and defiant, a tribute to miners who stoutly provided the economy of that area.

The Tor

Glastonbury Tor in Winter

Glastonbury Tor in Winter

Glastonbury Tor

Famous landmarks include the ‘mystic’ Glastonbury Tor, a prominent hill with a church tower on top, providing a magnificent panorama of views over Somerset to the sea. Legend says that Joseph of Aramathea brought Jesus to Glastonbury, also that King Arthur and his wife Guinevere are buried in the Abbey.

Cheddar Gorge

Upper Part of Cheddar Gorge

Upper Part of Cheddar Gorge


The dramatic, deep ravine of Cheddar Gorge in the Mendips is where there are limestone caves popular with cavers and speleologists. The town itself boasts the famous tasty Cheddar Cheese. Nearby Wookey Hole gives us more caves where a witch, turned to a stalagmite, resides!

Nuclear Fission, Scrumpy and the Sweet Track

‘Nuclear fission’ is reference to the not so wonderful sight of the nuclear power station at Hinkley Point.

‘Scrumpy’ is strong cider, a popular traditional drink in these parts.

The ‘sweet track’ dates from Neolithic times, built in 3807 BC and preserved in the peat bog on the Somerset Levels, one of a network of wooden tracks that once crossed the area.

Other References

The ‘steam train’ could be the West Somerset or East Somerset railway; both are voluntarily refurbished tracks and engines which provide tourist rides.

A festival of 400,000 eyes is the Glastonbury Festival, a pop and folk festival set up in 1970 by a local farmer and now famous around the world, attracting top bands, singers and performers.

‘A Parrett full of writhing elvers’ is the River Parrett with young eels and the ‘Exmoor foal’ recalls the wild ponies on Exmoor, one of two ancient moorlands on the edges of the county. Exmoor was the setting for RD Blackmore’s ‘Lorna Doone’.

Minehead Hobby Horse:

Minehead, a coastal town on the border of Somerset and Devon in the southwest, celebrates a folk custom on May Day by parading a brightly decorated hobby horse around the town. The earliest known record of the practice dates from 1830 but its origins are unknown.

Girt Dog of Langport

Guardian of the Glastonbury Zodiac

Guardian of the Glastonbury Zodiac

Version of Canis Major

Something I knew nothing about before I read Liv Torc's poem was the 'girt dog of Langport'. I knew that in local dialect 'girt' means great or large but had never come across this dog.

According to the ‘Alchemy of Guardianship’ there are several giant landscape effigies, one of which is this ‘Girt Dog of Langport’, a representation of the constellation ‘Canis Major’. The map shows the locations which contribute to the shape of a dog who is the guardian of the ‘Glastonbury Zodiac’. It is referred to in a wassailing carol of the area (used at Christmas, then for May Day). Its shape ends with the tail at the hamlet of ‘Wagg’!

Flex Your Poetic Muscles!

Amazing what you can learn from poetry; local stories and historical facts! I take our local heritage for granted now but I realise how rich it is, how relevant to our lives, when I’m reminded in this way.

Be it traditional rhymes, free verse or something in between, stretch your imagination, listen to your muse, experiment with different forms and you might be surprised what you can create!

Above all, have fun!


*Liv Torc’s poem is from https://nationalpoetryday.co.uk/poem/somerset/

Liv’s site: www.livtorc.co.uk

Facebook page: LivTorcPoet

Liv Torc is a BBC Local Poet for Somerset and National Poetry Day 2019

Favourite Poetry

© 2019 Ann Carr


Ann Carr (author) from SW England on January 10, 2020:

Mel, I'm touched by your lovely comment and thrilled at the compliment as I've only lately felt comfortable with poetry. Thank you.

It's true that the Somerset area is inspiring but then so much of our countryside, north and south, is wonderful.

Have a brilliant 2020 , Mel!


Mel Carriere from Snowbound and down in Northern Colorado on January 09, 2020:

I think I already told you that most of the time when I praise poetry I'm just being nice but you really have it as part of your being. How could you not, living in such an inspiring locale? It is a shame the art form is dying in the West, thank you for helping keep it alive.

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on December 17, 2019:

Thank you, Nithya, for such a lovely, kind comment. I get more involved with poetry the older I get - I wonder why that is?! Do we just get a better understanding with more experience? I don't know but it's fun experimenting with words, both poetry and prose.

Great to see you here and thanks again!


Nithya Venkat from Dubai on December 16, 2019:

I enjoyed reading your lovely poems — an excellent article about poetry and its various forms. My favorite is the haiku form of poetry. The Willow Man & Angel of the North was easy to appreciate after I read your explanations about the poem. A fantastic, well-written article, double thumbs up.

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on November 22, 2019:

Hello Patricia, good to see you here and thank you for your kind comments.

It's just writing in a more condensed form I suppose, but each to his own. You have a great style and that works well; bear in mind that prose can be poetic too! Just look at your sentence about 'around the corners...' etc!

There's a nasty bug going round here at the moment so I'll take those angels to my little ones this afternoon, to soothe their fevered brows. Thank you.


Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on November 21, 2019:

You leave me in awe. To me, writing poetry takes a special talent...a way to see around the corners and over the hills and under the seas and through the wind. It is not something I can do. Maybe that is the wrong phrase. It is not something I choose not to do because I lack the skill. Thank you for sharing your poetry with us and your suggestions on how to write poems. Angels are headed your way this afternoon. ps

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on November 08, 2019:

Hello Chris! Thanks for your kind comments. I get carried away sometimes with my enthusiasm for this lovely county, especially the rivers and estuaries! Pleased that Burnham Beach is your favourite; mine too.


Chris Mills from Traverse City, MI on November 07, 2019:

You packed that article full, Ann. Thanks for all the poetry. The information about places is great. You even included my favorite, Burnham beach. Thanks for sharing.

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on November 01, 2019:

Thank you, manatita. Good to see you.

Thanks, too, for your kind comments. I've never done workshops but can see that other people's ideas could impose on the imagination. My inspiration came from excellent English teachers, my parents and other family members. Language(s) and literacy are my passions.

Glad you liked the 'Turbulent Week'. Betjeman is very English and much of his work is based on people and places in Britain.

Thank you for your support; always good to have a visit from you and good to see you writing again!


manatita44 from london on November 01, 2019:

A lot here, Ann, including some 'touching' scenery, one or two of which I have visited.

You do more than justice to National Poetry Day and your work is exquisite! I like your arguments, including of course that contemporary poetry is so different that it's really hard to pin down poetry, nay, impossible!

I myself refuse to do workshops again and again. It will spoil my creativity, my vision … my imagery.

Good to see you and glad to hear of your good teachers. It does show in your work. Of course, we are all evolving and ultimately, all is an expression or manifestation of our Spirit, God.

Your work is always excellent, but I rather liked your Monday to Sunday journey. I did not know John Betjeman. Interesting! Peace!

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 23, 2019:

Thank Rinita, for your kind comments.

I decided Liv's poem needed some explanation, especially for those who don't know Somerset! Glad they helped you regain your sanity.

I was quite pleased with that first one so I'm glad you found it worked.

Good to see you.


Rinita Sen on October 23, 2019:

Glad you had a national poetry day and of course, thank you for the explanations around certain terms of Liv's poem. I was out of my mind with not being able to understand anything at first!!

Amazing photographs to accompany your well-woven poems. Especially loved the completeness of the first one. Here's to more poetry!

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 08, 2019:

I can understand that perfectly, William. Each to his own and all that! I don't think 'clever' comes into it, it's just a form of writing which appeals to some more than others. I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and thanks for the compliment.


William Kovacic from Pleasant Gap, PA on October 08, 2019:

I can appreciate what others have written, but poetry is not my thing to write. I wish I could, but I'm not that clever. Thanks for a beautifully put-together hub, Ann. I enjoyed it much.

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 08, 2019:

Thank you, Dora, for such a lovely comment. I'm glad you liked this.


Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on October 07, 2019:

Ann, I sense your love of poetry and it shows in your versatile offerings--all well done. Be True to Yourself is outstanding.

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

Well, what a lovely comment Cynthia! Thank you.

I'm glad the explanations were useful. I thought there were a few words that non-Brits might not know and even those here who don't know Somerset well.

Thanks for sharing this, much appreciated.

The trouble with the fall was that it was indoors and I knew exactly where that carpet was, all rolled up ready for decorating! I felt really stupid. Anyway, ever the optimist, me.

Thanks for the visit and I love your last words!


Cynthia Zirkwitz from Vancouver Island, Canada on October 07, 2019:

Ann, this is a masterful hub... I am going to share it, knowing that there are many out there who have forgotten the joys of reading poetry, or perhaps have not found it accessible. I love the sound and shape of the words in Liv Torc's poem, but I really appreciate your sharing the meanings of the words "local" to Somerset.

I enjoyed your poem to "Truth of a Turbulent Week." I could relate to the storms of life as a getting-older woman-- and really appreciated the way it flowed from the agony to more positive aspects, especially being able to make positive use of the torrential hurricane weather to "write in the warm, muse in full flood."

This hub was jam-full of great stuff.

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

That's a good thought, Eric. I hadn't looked at that angle. It's short and doesn't need prolonged concentration so, yes, it probably is better in old age.

You've got me thinking about 'Poetry Therapy'!

Bonkers? I don't think so, but if you are then it's refreshing and wonderful!


Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on October 07, 2019:

Well hit me hard and knock me down. This was wonderful to read. I so much think that in poetry we can keep the hounds of diseases of age at bay. Read it, love it, write it, share it, teach it and be it. In these notions our spirit can live on and on.

(To bad it came late for me as I am already bonkers and around the bend)

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

Thank you, bill! Of course that counts; you are a poet, but you just don't know it! I've said it before, your prose is poetry in itself.

I like seeing the sublime in life - it keeps me sane!

Hope your day is extraordinary too (I like the 'extraordinary, ordinary'), a marvellous Monday!


Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

Thanks, Flourish! I wrote that from the depths as I was still smarting from the fall!

I like to push the boundaries a bit but I do find that I'm more comfortable with poetry now.

Good to see you!


Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

Thank you Charlie, for your lovely comment. I've just read your 'Grandkids' one and it mirrors my feelings about mine!

Thanks for reading.


Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on October 07, 2019:

I feel poetically but can't write it. Does that count? I have a poet's heart and soul, but a prose mind. Sigh! At least I can appreciate fine poetry from you and others, my friend. Thank you for sharing yours with us. The world needs more poets who see the sublime in life.

Have an extraordinary, ordinary day!


FlourishAnyway from USA on October 07, 2019:

I like that you took a chance with a variety of types of poetry. I especially enjoyed the one about Truth.

Charlie Halliday from Scotland on October 07, 2019:

Excellent article Ann. As a newcomer to poetry writing I enjoy reading all the different forms of poetry and how they differ in intensity of feeling you get from them.

You also show that inspiration is all around us.

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

Thank you, Lorna, for your kind words. I think if we're encouraged by family, then it makes a big difference. My parents were writers too and so I have it in my blood.

Glad you enjoyed this!


Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

Thank you, John! I know how much you enjoy poetry and you are an experienced writer of the genre, as your recent series 'from the Porch' shows.

There are a few more 'doggy' names on the outline of that shape too!

Good to see you today; I appreciate your support.


Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

Thank you, Miebakagh, for your interesting comment. It's good to hear that you've always enjoyed poetry and congratulations on the featured piece on HP.

I agree that poetry can be relaxing - it takes you to another world without having to read pages and pages!


Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 07, 2019:

Yes, Mary, we were far too young to appreciate such things and our minds were far too distracted by other issues! I'm glad you liked the poetry and I hope you get back to writing it yourself soon.

Thanks for the visit.


Lorna Lamon on October 07, 2019:

Such an interesting article Ann and your variety of poems are a delight to read. I particularly enjoyed 'Truth of a Turbulent Week' which I can relate to. I have written poetry from an early age and as my mum was a writer and poet I was always encouraged to express myself in this way. I also enjoyed your various historical sites and facts which I am sure are the inspiration behind many poems and stories. Great read.

John Hansen from Gondwana Land on October 06, 2019:

I love your poetry and the photos, Ann.it was interesting to read about the Girt Dog of Langport and how it follows the shape of the constellation Canis Major...especially the tail ending at the hamlet of Wagg lol. I like to experiment with all kinds of poetry.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on October 06, 2019:

Hey, Ann, poetry captivated me from childhood. And my first taste of poetry is English poems because I start my schooling in an English missionary school here in Nigeria. I used poetry to relax and wind out.

This year I tried my hand to write a poem on HubPages, and it was not only successful but became a feature piece! Since then I had been writing others based on some of the articles I ever have written.

Thank you for sharing your skills. I learn along the line. Freedom. Enjoy the day.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on October 06, 2019:

I am beginning to appreciate poetry once again and I love your poetry Ann. I used to ignore poetry since the day in high school when I got to be Features Editor because I was good at poetry. That was not my coveted position so since then, I never wrote poetry again. It is stupid when I think of it now but then, what do you really understand in high school?

Ann Carr (author) from SW England on October 06, 2019:

Thank you, Pamela, for your kind comments and I'm glad that you enjoyed reading this. I think reading poetry is still quite unusual for most, let alone writing it. Why not have a go? Use one of my photos for inspiration if you like!

I appreciate your visit and your support.


Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on October 06, 2019:

I think it is wonderful that the UK has a special poery day. I liked your poems, and this was a very interesting, well-written article overall. I have never written very much poetry, but I do enjoy reading it.

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