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Ekphrastic Poetry

Marieta Maglas is a co-author in some anthologies published by Ardus Publications, Sybaritic Press, Prolific Press, and Silver Birch Press.

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An Eye of Green (Ekphrastic Poetry)

In the mirror of her green-

an opened eye,

The sky still high

as a deep-drawn heaven's sigh,

a need to fly.

Incarcerated in a thinking style,

thoughts, thoughtfulness, and

her intoxicated love.

Saga, time, bells' heavy chime,

memories, and aesthetic ersatz.


Poem by Marieta Maglas

02.08.2022

The painting is entitled Femme au chapeau (Dora Maar) and belongs to Pablo Picasso.

An extremely beautiful modern movement, the Cubism appeared in the beginning of the 20th century. There are 3 types of cubism for an object in 3 dimensions, observed from all points of view at the same time, respectively Cézanne cubism, then Analytical cubism, and finally Synthetic cubism. The spiritual parents of this movement are Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. For a period, Braque and Picasso painted together so closely that even for experts it was extremely hard to recognise the author. They worked by using a hermetic style to bring it to life. In their pure cubist paintings, there is only the influence of Cézanne, who was a post-Impressionist painter trying to create a modern style that was violent and dark. He used for this purpose harsh extremes of light and shadow. Some other painters have adopted this art movement, painters like Juan Gris, Fernand Léger, and Robert Delaunay.

Cubism uses a new angle of view on spiritual things, in a strong and harsh light with an extremely critical eye. The Cubism exposes the complex ideas that people have in their heads and tries to change the reality.

One of the greatest artists of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, in 1881. He went to Barcelona at the age of fifteen. After four years, he made his first exhibition. In 1904, he left Barcelona for Paris. His early painting was classic and distinguished by his pregnant colour, a "blue period” that lasted from 1901 to 1904. It was followed by a "rose period" (1904-1906). At that time, his artwork had been influenced by famous artist like Ingres, Cézanne, Gauguin, Matisse, Braque, and Derain. Therefore, Picasso’s painting took a radical turn, a geometrization which became a fragmentation, announcing the advent of Cubism. Also, his work had been influenced by the civil war in Spain. He awakened to militancy with the work "Guernica", in 1937, where he used green and red as colours for contrast. He painted the same anguish by using a specific hue during the Second World War.

In 1944, he became a member of the Communist Party and he started to give his paintings a tint of hope. Very representative is his masterpiece " The joy of living “containing a blue belonging to his young period. The last period of Picasso's artistic activity is marked by his relationships with Delacroix, Velázquez, Manet, and David. This period did not end until his death in Mougins, in 1973

In the painting Femme au chapeau (Dora Maar), people can see that the mask face the mask neck and the hat are green. This is a symbol for the expressed thoughts about life while her neck and the mask eye are red to symbolize her feelings in tears. He used these hues to suggest an internal female conflict and used all the colours of the rainbow in the whole painting to describe the notion of happiness. She is Eve and this word means life, i.e., green.

Bibliography

1.Gertrude Stein, Picasso (London: BT Batsford, LTD, 1938); reprinted by Dover Publications, 1984, p. 8. ↵

2.Jacques Rivière, “Present Tendencies in Painting” (1912), as translated in Edward Fry,

3.Georges Braque, “Thoughts on Painting” (1917)

© 2022 Marieta Maglas

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