Anupam, an English teacher, is extremely sensitive & expresses her emotions in poems. She is pursuing Masters in Psychology at present.
What Are The Components of A Poem?
The world famous Nature's poet William Wordsworth defines poetry as, "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility".
How Wordsworth had expressed his love for nature in the poems like "Daffodils", "The Solitary Reaper", "The Prelude", "The Lucy Poems", "Tintern Abbey" in such a style that his work has defied time and still has retained the freshness, which touches the heart of the reader. He has used vivid imagery in his poems with the images that he could catch in the words that he used.
The origin of poem is heart where we are able to feel various emotions. Either we are too excited or too depressed we are flooded with different sort of emotions. Most of the people compose poems when they are depressed, they try to express their sorrow in few words, which gives them a sense of gratification.
And the people who are thoughtful and love to have a tranquil environment, close to nature, like Wordsworth can easily pen down their thoughts in any form they wish to. It's easy to assess ourselves or any of the circumstances in a peaceful environment.
To write poetry the basic thing that is required is emotions, and every human is able to understand and feel his or her emotions. One needs to express those emotions in words. That's it. Of course, the knowledge of the language in which one wishes to jot down the expressions, to arrange the words correctly making a literal sense should be known well. And then, it is upto the writer how he/she wants to express, whether whole thing openly as if a mirror of the heart, or a little said and a little hidden left for the reader to comprehend or in completely metaphorical language to leave it to the reader to perceive as per his/her understanding.
Therefore, a poem requires just our thoughts or feelings to be expressed and the knowledge of the language in which we have to do that.
To broaden the knowledge stream we need to read some of the great poets and writers. As in English there are extraordinary poets of every genre starting from Shakespeare to the modern poets.
Forms of Poem
Any form of poetry can be used based on what and how much one wants to express. To understand the form of a poetry one needs to have basic knowledge of syllables, as in most of the poems the syllable count of a line gives it a particular rhythmic form.
A few examples of poetry forms,
- For simple and crispy thoughts Haiku can be written, which is actually of three lines, with 5,7,5 syllables for first, second and third line respectively.
- Long narrative poem can also be written in the form of Epic poem.
- A poem that can be sung in a particular rhythm is called a ballad.
- Acrostic poems are very easy to start with in which you can choose any topic and start every line with the letters used in the topic in sequence.
- A nonsense poem or a Limerick is a humorous five lined poem with rhyme scheme aabba. In Limerick, 1st, 2nd and 5th lines can have seven to ten syllables, while the 3rd and 4th lines can have five to seven syllables.
- Any couplet or quatrain can be written with proper rhyme scheme.
- An Elfchen is written in five lines in which the first line should be 1 word, second line 2 words, third line 3 words, fourth line 4 words and fifth line word. but every line should be complete in itself and carry the same theme.
- Rhyme scheme means the last word should rhyme in the given sequence
- A 14 lined poem is called a Sonnet.
- Sonnets are mostly written as three quatrains (4 lined stanza) and a couplet, each line of ten syllables, with a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg.
- Sonnets are also written with an octet (eight lines) with the rhyme scheme abbaabba and a sestet (six lines) with the rhyme scheme cdecde or cdcdcd.
- Diamante is a poetic form which shows contrast. As for Sunset & Sunrise, dark & light, love and hate etc. It is written in 7 lines. 1st line should be the beginning subject, 2nd line should be two describing words for line 1, 3rd line should be 3 participles, 4th line should be a short phrase for line 1 with another short phrase for line 7, 5th line should have three participles for line 7, 6th line should have two describing words for line 7 and 7th line should be the contrasting subject to line 1.
- An Epulaeryu is a form of 7 lines and 33 syllables to show our feelings for delicious food. The 1st line has 7 syllables, 2nd line has 6 syllables, 3rd line has 5 syllables, 4th line has 4 syllables, 5th line has 3 syllables, 6th line has 2 syllables, and 7th line has 1 syllable.
- Etheree is a poem of ten lines in which each line has the same number of syllables that's its position.
- Lanturne is of five lines in which the first line has 1 syllable, 2nd has 2 syllables, 3rd has 3 syllables, 4th has 4 syllables and 5th line has 1 syllable.
- Shadorma is a sestet form with 3 syllables, 5 syllables, 3 syllables, 3 syllables, 7 syllables and 5 syllables for 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th line respectively.
- Blitz poem: This form of poetry is a stream of short phrases and images with repetition and rapid flow.It is a 50 lined poem where each line should have 2 to 3 words.
- Haibun is a combination of a vivid descriptive prose and haiku
- There are many other poetry forms that you can explore yourself and try.
- If you don't want to follow any form then also you can express yourselves as per your convenience and that's known as free verse.
Poem is Easy
Nature Inspires Poet
" Nature is a teacher whose wisdom we can learn if we will and without which any human life is vain and incomplete.”
— William Wordsworth
Why to delay! Start Writing Now
Now you already have your emotions, your words and a basic idea of how to start writing poems. So just take your thoughts and start inking it on your desired notepad.
You might face a problem in deciding what to write upon. Yes, there might be hundreds of emotions and thoughts crawling in your mind, but what to start with. For that you just need to sit quiet for sometime and let the thoughts settle down. And think about that one feeling which your really wish to concentrate and share with others.
I believe in writing poems which can inspire, motivate, or bring smiles to one rather than writing some dejected or depressed thing to let others cry out. Though it's one's personal opinion and up to each individual what he or she wishes to start with.
I should share here my personal experience at this point stating how I started writing poems when I was in 4th grade. I was watching an interview of some poet on Doordarshan channel. She was telling how she started to write poems when she was very young. She saw a butterfly and looking at the beautiful colours of the butterfly she wrote four rhyming lines and from there her journey started. I was so much touched with those words that I too started to write a few rhyming lines and till I was in grade 7th I was known as ' A Novice Poetess' by the people around me. Since then I kept on writing my thoughts in the form of poems, the words were my best friends as I couldn't make good friends when I was in school.
To start writing poetry, the most common and classical topic that you can take is - the nature. Wordsworth said, " Nature is a teacher whose wisdom we can learn if we will and without which any human life is vain and incomplete.”
Or you can write about the any current issue as if you are writing a diary but in a rhythmic form. Take a pen and start writing your first composition.
© 2020 Anupam Mitu