My Dad - Synco Schram de Jong - Was a Soldier in the Indonesian Independance War - 1946-1949

Updated on January 17, 2018
Titia profile image

Titia has a broad interest in photography, poetry, family, art, dogs, cats, insects, wildlife, history, war, camping, writing, environment.

Pencil drawing by Synco Schram de Jong
Pencil drawing by Synco Schram de Jong | Source

My Dad Had to Go to War Again

Like so many soldiers, my dad Synco Schram de Jong, was listed as a reserve to fight the Indonesian Independence War (IIR) between 1946 and 1949.

My dad was an artist, a painter and in his spare moments he painted the War as he saw it.

My dad, who had married my mom in October 1939, had been in the Dutch Army when Hitler invaded our country and after the capitulation of the Netherlands in 1940, my dad went into underground hiding during most of the war to avoid being captured and send to the work camps in Germany.

After the liberation in 1945, he was enlisted into the Dutch army again, because the Dutch Colony Indonesia wanted to declare its independence but the Dutch Government had other ideas and didn't want to lose its colony.



A War After The War

1946 -1949 Indonesian Independence War

1946 Dad left to go to war in Indonesia
1946 Dad left to go to war in Indonesia | Source

Map of The Dutch East Indies

Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies | Source

The Dutch East Indies were a group of nationalised colonies formed and ruled by the Dutch East Indies Company.

They came under the Dutch Government administration around 1800 and stayed that way until in 1950 the independence of Indonasian was estableshed and acknowledged.

The name 'Indonesia' became commonly used around 1880.


Pencil Studies of different poses of Soldiers

drawing Synco Schram de Jong
drawing Synco Schram de Jong | Source

Most War Drawings Made by My Dad Are Now in the Dutch Army Museum

I only have my dad's Indonesian War drawings on photo.

Most of the drawings shown here were given to the Dutch Army Museum after they were exhibited in the City of Hoorn (The Netherlands) in 1998.

Pencil Studies of Dutch Soldiers at War

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Source
Source
Source
Source
Source

Pencil Drawing of Dutch Soldiers Washing Themselves

bathing soldiers by Synco Schram de Jong
bathing soldiers by Synco Schram de Jong | Source

Pencil Drawings of Dutch Soldiers on Patrol in Java 1946-1949

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Source
Source
Source
Source
Source

The WW II Japanese Occupation of Indonesia

While under the occupation of Germany, the Dutch themselves had little means and resources to defend their Indonesian colony against the Japanese invasion and so the Japanese occupied Indonesia from 1942 till the end of War in 1945. Despite the gruelties of war (on both sides) this occupation by the Japanese army has had the most impact on the growing resistance of the Indonesian people against the colonisation by the Dutch Government. The Japanese (unlike the Dutch) gave the Indonasian people facilities for politicisation down to the village level.

That way the conditions were created for the Indonesian people to claim their independence at the end of World War II in 1945. However the Dutch weren't planning on giving up their colony that easy and tried to reclaim their colony, which resulted in the Dutch - Indonesian War from 1946 and ended with the acknowledgement of Indonesian's Independence in 1949.

Pencil Drawings - Passing Time in Between War Action in Java 1946-1949

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Source
Source
Source
Source
Source

4th Garde Brigade-Grenadiers

My Dad Was A Major In The 4th Garde Brigade - Grenadiers

After the Japanese surrender, the (provisional) government in Indonesia declared on 15 August 1945 the Republic of Indonesia's independence. After the Japanese occupation The Netherlands wanted another transition to the future of the former Dutch East Indies. Five battalions Grenadiers and five battalions Hunters took to the 1946-1949 Police Actions section.

Ultimately The Netherlands, under international pressure (read: United Nations and the United States), gave Indonesia its independence in 1949. Over 200 Grenadiers and Rifles didn't return to The Netherlands and are buried in the Military cemetery Menteng Pulu. In addition to various awards for bravery and exceptional performance, all were distinguished by the distinguishing 'For Order and Peace'. In 1977, by Royal Decree, the Guards Regiment Grenadiers, Guards Regiment and the Hunters, the standard inscriptions 'West Java 1946-1949' and 'East Java 1947-1949' were awarded.

In 1950 the Memorial Book of the 4th Infantery Brigade was published. My dad belonged to the 4th Bataljon Garde Regiment Grenadiers (4 GRG), wearing their uniform when he married my mom in 1939.

In this book the whole story of the 4th Infantery Brigade is told and it contains the pictures of all the soldiers who died in action. The book contains a lot of my dad's drawings he had made during this war.

The Book 'Oost-Java'  illustrated by Synco Schram de Jong
The Book 'Oost-Java' illustrated by Synco Schram de Jong | Source

Pencil Drawing of a Dutch Soldier Drinking Water While on Patrol

soldier drinking water on patrol by Synco Schram de Jong
soldier drinking water on patrol by Synco Schram de Jong | Source

Pencil Drawings of Dutch Soldiers on Patrol on the island of Java

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Source
Source
Source
Source
Source

Pastel Drawing of an Indonesian Man

Indonesian man by Synco Schram de Jong
Indonesian man by Synco Schram de Jong | Source

Pencil Drawing of a Kampong in Java 1946-1949

kampong in Indonesia by Synco Schram de Jong
kampong in Indonesia by Synco Schram de Jong | Source

Pencil Drawings of Patrolling Dutch Soldiers on Java 1946-1949

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Source
Source
Source
Source
Source

I've Always Loved the Drawings and Paintings of My Dad

Synco Schram de Jong, just before he left for Indonesia
Synco Schram de Jong, just before he left for Indonesia | Source

My Dad and me were two of a kind

From a young age I've always loved my Dad's drawings and I often sneaked into his studio at home to pull them out of the chest they were kept in. I didn't know what war was when I was young. I was born in December 1944, my dad left for three years when I was 1,5 years old, I only knew him by his picture on the side table in our home and my mom told me that I always wanted to give my dad a candy, but as a photo can't eat sweets, I would put it in my own mouth.

In the photo is dad, just before he left in 1946, with me on his lap and one of my sisters. I don't know who the little boy is, probably a playmate from our neighbourhood.

My Dad and Me

My Dad and me, two of a kind,
expressing feelings through our art.
Our hearts foreverly entwined,
my Dad and me, two of a kind.
We knew what's on each others mind,
as soul mates we will never part.
My Dad and me, two of a kind,
expressing feelings through our art.

Questions & Answers

    © 2014 Titia Geertman

    I very much appreciate your comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • Titia profile image
        Author

        Titia Geertman 4 months ago from Waterlandkerkje - The Netherlands

        Ok, thanks, I will read them.

      • Virginia Allain profile image

        Virginia Allain 4 months ago from Central Florida

        I have a hub about Shadow of the Cathedral. Also, I have a hub about how I came to meet Titia Bozuwa. She had writing workshops at Twin Farms.

      • Titia profile image
        Author

        Titia Geertman 4 months ago from Waterlandkerkje - The Netherlands

        Thanks Virginia, I'll search for them. Funny your friend is also called Titia.

      • Virginia Allain profile image

        Virginia Allain 4 months ago from Central Florida

        I have a friend in New Hampshire whose husband was in Java as a boy and ended up in the Japanese camp there. Later he came to the States and became a doctor. There's a book about his experience, The Emperor's Guest. My friend, also a Titia, wrote about her own childhood in Holland, In the Shadow of the Cathedral is the book title.

      • Charito1962 profile image

        Charito Maranan-Montecillo 4 years ago from Manila, Philippines

        Such an informative lens! My late mother would also tell me of her experiences during the WWII Japanese Occupation of the Philippines.

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, letterpile.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://letterpile.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)