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Flash Fiction - Genre Facts, Writing Tips and Stories

Updated on April 04, 2015
AliciaC profile image

Linda Crampton is a teacher who enjoys reading and creative writing. Her favourite genres are classic literature, fantasy, myth and poetry.

Computer, laptop, tablet, mobile device or paper  - all good for writers of flash fiction!
Computer, laptop, tablet, mobile device or paper - all good for writers of flash fiction! | Source

Flash fiction, short short fiction or microfiction is becoming very popular. I can certainly understand the attraction. Creating very short stories that have power is an enjoyable process for writers. Reading flash fiction written by others is often an interesting and very inspirational activity.

Some people might think that creating flash fiction is easier than writing a conventional short story because it contains fewer words. This idea is incorrect, however. When a writer is limited to a certain number of words in their stories, a stimulating and educational challenge is created. The goal is to eliminate unnecessary words and to make sure that every word that's left is important to the story in some way.

I enjoy creating flash fiction as well as reading the work of other writers. At the end of this article are two of the flash fiction stories that I've created.

Some people enjoy writing outdoors.
Some people enjoy writing outdoors. | Source

How Long is Flash Fiction?

There is no generally accepted definition for "flash fiction", other than the fact that it's shorter than a typical short story. Writers are creating stories from one sentence to one thousand words in length and calling it flash fiction. Websites asking for flash fiction submissions are increasing in number. I've discovered several that accept no more than 100 words, another that accepts no more than 300 words and one that accepts no less than 500 words and no more than 1000 words.

The terms used for flash fiction also vary. Some people differentiate between longer flash fiction, which they call short short stories, and shorter microfiction. Microfiction is sometimes limited to a hundred words or less, not including the title.

Flash Fiction - A Quick Snapshot

The Challenge of Creating Flash Fiction

I don't worry much about terminology. Whatever my very short stories are called, they're fun to write. When I start a flash fiction story, I keep in mind that I'm trying to create a short piece of writing but I don't set myself a word limit. Deciding in advance that I must write only 100 words (for example) can inhibit the flow of ideas. Once I've finished the first draft of the story I edit it to try to make it more succinct.

When I started writing writing flash fiction I thought that a stipulated word length would limit my expression and prevent me from developing a story properly. Now I find that while this seems to be sometimes true, it often isn't. Part of the joy in creating flash fiction is to try to eliminate extraneous material while giving sufficient information to convey the writer's intended message. The "every word counts" idea is great for developing writing skills.

I enjoy the process of including clues in the stories but leaving readers to make their own interpretation. Their interpretation may be different from mine, but that's fine. In a way, flash fiction is collaborative fiction, especially in its shorter forms.

Baby shoes are the topic of what may be the shortest flash fiction story.
Baby shoes are the topic of what may be the shortest flash fiction story. | Source

One-Sentence Stories

Some flash fiction is amazingly short. I admire writers who can create an intriguing or meaningful story in a single sentence or phrase. What I find especially interesting about these sentences is that the reader is actually creating most of the story in their mind. A good sentence is thought provoking and can provoke a different tale in each person's imagination.

The phrase below is considered to be an extreme example of flash fiction. It's often attributed to Ernest Hemingway, but there is little evidence to support this idea.

For sale: baby shoes, never worn

— Unknown

David Gaffney Reads Three of his Flash Fiction Stories

Tips for Writing Flash Fiction

Here are some writing tips that make sense to me and that have helped me in my efforts to create flash fiction.

  • Several flash fiction writers recommend writing the first draft of the story without worrying about length (within reason). Once this draft is finished, they cut out words that they feel are unnecessary, including many adjectives and adverbs. This creates a leaner and often more effective story. If you can't cut words out of your story or if the process feels forced, maybe that particular story isn't meant to be flash fiction.
  • The process of writing flash fiction is not as quick as many people imagine. It takes me at least several evenings. Even when I think the story is finished, when I look at it the next day with fresh eyes I often see problems. Don't be in too much of a rush to decide that your story is finished. You do need to eventually declare that your work is complete, however, even while allowing for the possibility that you may want to edit it in the future.
  • Writers need to be very careful at the beginning of the story. There aren't enough words to set the scene or describe the characters in the shortest stories. David Gaffney is a British writer who is known for his flash fiction. He recommends that writers start their very short stories in the middle.
  • David Gaffney also says that the ending of a very short story shouldn't really be an ending but should leave the reader wondering.

The last line .... should not complete the story but rather take us into a new place; a place where we can continue to think about the ideas in the story and wonder what it all meant.

— David Gaffney in The Guardian newspaper

I love the quote above, with one caveat. I definitely think that the ending of a very short story should stimulate the reader to think about the details that weren't revealed in the story. I also think that the writer should be careful that the ending isn't so puzzling that the reader doesn't understand the story, however. The ending should be reasonably satisfying even if it doesn't answer all of the reader's questions.

Introducing a large cast of characters, such as the riders, horses or spectators at the RCMP Musical Ride, is not a good idea in flash fiction.
Introducing a large cast of characters, such as the riders, horses or spectators at the RCMP Musical Ride, is not a good idea in flash fiction. | Source

Some More Flash Fiction Tips

  • Keep the number of characters in a flash fiction story low. It's unlikely that you'll be able to use a large cast of characters effectively when there aren't many words in your story.
  • Keep the plot simple and stick to only one or only a few incidents. The shorter the word length of your story, the more constrained you'lł be with respect to plot.
  • Keep descriptions of people, scenes and objects to a bare minimum.

From the tips above, It may seem that there are serious limitations to flash fiction. If you read flash fiction created by experienced writers, however, you'll see that wonderful stories can be created. In fact, many writers would likely agree that the "limitations" are actually benefits because they force a writer to concentrate on the effective use of words.

There is an important date for flash fiction lovers in two countries to remember. National Flash Fiction Day 2015 is on June 22nd in New Zealand and June 27th in Britain. A writing competition is associated with each event.

Learn by Reading

Reading other people's flash fiction creations is a useful process for writers. A simple web search for "flash fiction" will bring up many results. After reading some good stories, you'll almost certainly be inspired by the possibilities of the genre.

If you're tempted to submit your own flash fiction to an online or offline publication, make sure that you read the rules of the site carefully and also look for some reviews of the site. You need to be clear about the payment structure, if there is any, and about the rights that you give up and keep if your story is published.

A lightning bolt
A lightning bolt | Source

A Flash in the Pan - A Short Short Story

Evan was casting a spell in the basement. Megan was in the living room upstairs, preparing for the new arrival. "Have you started?" she yelled. "Yes, dear," Evan yelled back. "Remember to wipe your feet before you come upstairs," Megan said, as she often did when he performed spell work. She loved the things that he created for their home but hated the soot that his spells produced.

Once he was able to concentrate, Evan discovered that his job was unusually easy. He was pleased to see the increasing intensity of the light and to feel its developing power. Upstairs, Megan watched the space next to the piano, hoping for the appearance of an armchair covered with a rose print fabric to match the drapes.

The spell ended with a zigzag flash of light striking the casting circle. "Is it there?" Evan yelled after a moment of recovery, as he always did when he finished a furnishing spell. There was no response, which was strange. He went upstairs without wiping his feet. He discovered that there was no armchair next to the piano and no Megan either. She had never left the house while a spell was in progress before. Evan looked around, feeling that something was amiss.

When he noticed that the surface of the carpet was rippling, Evan realized that he had performed a transition spell instead of a transmutation one. He hadn't made that mistake since Megan had banished his activities to the basement. Being careful not to step on her, he went into the kitchen to get a cup of tea. Spell casting was tiring and thirsty work. He really wasn't up to doing more right now. He'd work on getting her out tomorrow.

I think Megan would have liked this armchair, even though it doesn't have roses on its cover.
I think Megan would have liked this armchair, even though it doesn't have roses on its cover. | Source

Friendship Failed - Microfiction

He started to sing the aria that she loved most of all, stretching his arms out as though inviting her embrace. The effort was much too late. Friendship needed to be a two way street. She had tried so hard to develop the relationship. Her kindness and interest in all that he did had evoked no more than a mild response. His indifference had stung and - she agreed to be honest with herself at least - offended her. How dare he ignore her attention and treat her gratitude with such disdain! Did he really think that he was so important? For a home serve robot he was far too big for his boots.

A songbook that may contain arias from operas, oratorios or cantatas
A songbook that may contain arias from operas, oratorios or cantatas | Source

© 2015 Linda Crampton

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    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 21 months ago from southern USA

      Alicia,

      This is the most helpful article on writing flash fiction that I have read to date! I have actually been working on a flash fiction piece for a bit and wanted to publish it last Sunday and here it is almost another Sunday.

      I am "Ms. Wordy" and realize I needed to seriously edit, edit and edit more. I have the storyline in my mind with only two characters really, and maybe one incidental one. So, I have just written it out all without any word restriction to tell the tale I want to tell, and so now I am, as I stated, in the editing process.

      Your hub here has been most helpful for me at this particular time, especially!

      I had to laugh out loud at the surprise endings of both your fabulous flash fiction stories. It appears you have this writing flash fiction down and have produced two wonderful and enjoyable flash fiction pieces for all to enjoy.

      Up and all the way across, tweeting, pinning, G+ and sharing

      Happy Easter weekend. He is risen!

      Peace and blessings always

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Faith. Thanks for the lovely comment! I appreciate the comment, the votes and the shares so much. I'm looking forward to reading your flash fiction. I know what you mean about editing. It seems like the process is never ending!

      I hope you and your family have a wonderful Easter, Faith. Blessings to you.

    • Mekenzie profile image

      Susan Ream 21 months ago from Michigan

      Alicia, you've sparked my interest. I love the concept of flash fiction. Words paint pictures and learning to use them sparingly and carefully is intriguing to me. Voted up and Shared.

      I'm off to do some more reading on flash fiction. Thank you!!

      Blessings!

      Mekenzie

    • RonElFran profile image

      Ronald E. Franklin 21 months ago from Mechanicsburg, PA

      The couple of times I've done short, short stories I've enjoyed it. You've encouraged me to do more.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Mekenzie. It's nice to meet you. Thank you very much for the vote and the share. I love your comment that "words paint pictures"! Good luck with your exploration of flash fiction.

      Blessings to you as well, Mekenzie.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the comment, Ron. I hope you have a very happy Easter.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 21 months ago from Olympia, WA

      I'm sorry for the short visit today. My to do list keeps growing. I just stopped by to wish you a very Happy Easter.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the visit, Bill. I hope you have a very happy Easter, too!

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 21 months ago from The Beautiful South

      Very informative; have been trying my best to understand this and you have helped; thank you!

      Happy Easter!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks, Jackie. I appreciate your visit and comment! Best wishes.

    • Rolly A Chabot profile image

      Rolly A Chabot 21 months ago from Alberta Canada

      Hi AliciaC... great article and explanation of Flash Fiction... very well done my friend... I have printed this so I can reference it...

      Hugs from Canada

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 21 months ago from Queensland Australia

      Hi Alicia, this is a very informative hub about flash fiction and with the bonus of two great stories from you as examples. Well done, voted up.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Rolly. Thank you very much for the kind comment. I hope you have a happy Easter.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Jodah. I appreciate your comment a great deal! Happy Easter.

    • Venkatachari M profile image

      Venkatachari M 21 months ago from Hyderabad, India

      Alicia, your ideas are great. You have dealt it smartly and aptly. Both of your stories are also great works. Voted up and awesome.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the visit, Venkatachari! I appreciate your comment and votes.

    • cam8510 profile image

      Chris Mills 21 months ago from Colorado Springs, CO until the end of March

      AliciaC, I love the stories and your instruction on writing flash fiction. I keep pumping them out, hoping to someday really get the hang of it. Thanks for the interesting and entertaining article. Voted up and shared.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, cam8510. I appreciate the vote and the share, too! I practice writing flash fiction a lot as well. For an apparently simple form of writing it's actually quite complex!

    • Writer Fox profile image

      Writer Fox 21 months ago from the wadi near the little river

      This is a super tutorial for writing Flash Fiction! I particularly liked the idea of 'One-Sentence Stories.' English teachers could use a simple idea like that to spark creativity in their classrooms.

      Enjoyed and voted up!

    • Homeplace Series profile image

      William Leverne Smith 21 months ago from Hollister, MO

      Thank you, very much! Always nice to have the latest information! ;-)

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment and the vote, Writer Fox! I agree - creating one-sentence stories would be a great classroom activity.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Homeplace Series. I appreciate your visit and comment!

    • drbj profile image

      drbj and sherry 21 months ago from south Florida

      What superior examples of flash fiction you have written, Alicia. Thank you for this lovely and intriguing treat.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the visit and the kind comment, drbj.

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 21 months ago from Oklahoma

      Very useful tips for this emerging genre.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Larry.

    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 21 months ago from Northern California, USA

      I am a true fan of flash fiction. I like the idea of having something to read that can be read and done in a short time. It is quite satisfying. I enjoyed your stories and the tips you share on how to write flash fiction. Awesome hub! I learned a lot more than I ever knew.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Marlene. I appreciate your comment! I'm a big fan of flash fiction, too.

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 21 months ago from USA

      I like your twists at the end of your flash fiction stories, and this hub will be very helpful for those who seek to venture into the genre. Well done! Voted up and more. I like your creativity!

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the kind comment, Flourish! I'm grateful for the votes as well.

    • Mark Lees profile image

      Mark Lees 21 months ago

      A really interesting hub about one of the most under appreciated literary forms - flash fiction. Voted up :)

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, Mark. I appreciate your comment and vote.

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 21 months ago from Massachusetts

      Hi Linda. How interesting. I've never heard of the term Flash Fiction so I learned something new today. Amazing that a gripping short story can be created with so few words. Very creative.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Bill. Thanks for the comment. Flash fiction can certainly be amazing!

    • CatherineGiordano profile image

      Catherine Giordano 21 months ago from Orlando Florida

      I have to do two flash fiction stories for the Florida Writers Association contest in the next week. Thanks for the tips. Voted up ++

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank, Catherine. I appreciate the comment and the votes. Good luck in the competition.

    • colorfulone profile image

      Susie Lehto 21 months ago from Minnesota

      I wrote a lot of flash fiction on another site but have yet to publish any for HubPages. It is fun, but like you say it does take some time.

      Thank you for sharing tips and some fine example stories, Alicia.

      Interesting and useful - Kudos!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, colorfulone! It's nice to discover another flash fiction fan.

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 21 months ago from Dubai

      Flash fiction is not easy to write as you say, it needs a lot of thought. To keep the story short and hold the reader's attention is a challenge. Great tips on how to write flash fiction. Voted up.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the comment and the vote, Vellur. You're right - writing flash fiction is a challenge!

    • grand old lady profile image

      Mona Sabalones Gonzalez 21 months ago from Philippines

      It's nice to know a little bit of flash fiction. It helps me to understand this genre, as I tend to feel like it is an unfinished story.This article helps a lot.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the visit and the comment, grand old lady.

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 21 months ago from Stillwater, OK

      Your flash fiction is wonderful, as it left me smiling, and with a couple of possible scenarios for each one. I believe you were successful in both stories, as you sure left me intrigued with my own afterthoughts.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Deb. I appreciate your comment.

    • FatBoyThin profile image

      Colin Garrow 21 months ago from Kinneff, Scotland

      Love your 'spell' story - it does exactly what flash fiction should do - leave possibilities for the reader to think about. Great Hub and lots of good advice.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, FatBoyThin. I appreciate your comment about the story and the hub.

    • Mel Carriere profile image

      Mel Carriere 21 months ago from San Diego California

      I'm afraid I could never be a flash fiction writer or even a flash non fiction writer because for some reason my ideas always need at least 2500 words to develop and my fiction always runs 7 to 10 thousand words. I also enjoy word play and turns of phrase, which flash fiction seems to inhibit somewhat. Nonetheless, I recognize the value of the genre and I enjoyed your stories here and hope you will share more. Great hub!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, Mel. Thank you very much for the comment. I know what you mean about needing more words for some writing projects! I enjoy writing both flash fiction and longer stories.

    • MartieCoetser profile image

      Martie Coetser 21 months ago from South Africa

      Very informing and encouraging! One of these days I will have time to indulge in flash fiction.

      I love yours, Alicia. Both are excellent :)

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 21 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, Martie! I appreciate your comment a great deal.

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 20 months ago from Florida

      I enjoy writing short stories, but mine are too long to be considered flash fiction. You have inspired me to try my hand at writing these.

      Voted UP, and shared.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 20 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the comment, Mary. I appreciate the vote and the share, too. Good luck with your flash fiction!

    • kalinin1158 profile image

      Lana Zakinov 18 months ago from California

      Love flash fiction! One of my favorite (absurdist) flash fiction writers is Daniil Kharms. Some of his stories are literally a sentence long, like you mention. Incredible! I think it's definitely harder to write short fiction than 2,000-page novels. Voted up

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Hi, kalinin1158. I'll definitely check out the writer that you mention! His work sounds interesting. Thanks for the visit and the vote.

    • RoadMonkey profile image

      RoadMonkey 18 months ago

      I enjoyed your two pieces of fiction, especially the one about spell casting - that was funny. I could just see that happening! Very useful information about flash fiction, thanks.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, RoadMonkey. I appreciate your comment and visit.

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 17 months ago from Bicol, Philippines

      This is every informative. I would like to try writing 'flash fiction', too. Story ideas keep brewing in my mind these days. Thanks for sharing, Ms. Alicia.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 17 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, travel_man1971.

    • mactavers profile image

      mactavers 17 months ago

      Thank you, Thank you. Very interesting and inspirational.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 17 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much, mactavers! I appreciate your visit.

    • Kelsey Farrell profile image

      Kelsey Elise Farrell 16 months ago from Orange County, CA

      This is a great hub and very informative. I've dabbled in flash fiction and have always enjoyed it. This makes me feel like busting out my writing pad and starting on some one-sentence-stories. Thanks for sharing!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 16 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the comment, Kelsey. I think that writing flash fiction is both fun and challenging! Good luck with your stories.

    • Rachel L Alba profile image

      Rachel L Alba 14 months ago from Every Day Cooking and Baking

      Hi Alicia, that's the first time I heard of Flash Fiction. The older I get the less I like to read long stories, mostly because I have a tendency to fall asleep. lol So I think flash fiction would suit me fine. I do love to read though. Thanks for sharing this information.

      Have a Blessed Thanksgiving.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 14 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for the comment, Rachel. Flash fiction is an interesting genre! I hope you have a wonderful Thanksgiving.

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 11 months ago from london

      Excellent work, Alicia. Great stuff! You give a very balanced and well researched view of the Flash Fiction genre. I really like that.

      I spent a long time doing what I tell people about writing, that is to say: Practice, practice and more practice ...read, read and read some more. Now I do not do this. I do not even take a course. I mainly use logic and intuitive capacity, and because of meditation, most of the past simply returns to me.

      I like David's style, and I like your enhancement to it. Personally, I like the 500 to a 1000 word approach, as I like mystique, intrigue ... and this allows me to weave a much more beautiful story. I have a few here on HP. Shaynani and the Beauty is my last and very recent.

      All in all, I think that you've done a most wonderful job, and I applaud you for this. Much Love, Alicia.

      P.S. Whether it's Flash, or other works of prose, I can usually wrap it up in 20 - 40 minutes. But that's just me. After nearly all my life of reading, the words flow easily. Of course all good writers tend to go over their work, even much later. I do this too.

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 11 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you very much for the interesting and informative comment, manatita44. I appreciate your visit and your kindness!

    • Denise Cole Aparo profile image

      Denise Cole Aparo 11 months ago from Connecticut

      Hello Alicia,

      Your article is interesting and I enjoyed your flash-stories!

      I have never heard of this writing style. It reminds me of 'speed-dating,' where you have 'an organized social activity in which people seeking romantic relationships have a series of short conversations with potential partners in order to determine whether there is mutual interest.'

      What you have instead, is an organized story in which people seeking literary stimulation read a short tale with potential characters in order to inspire them to expand their reading interpretations and comprehensions. (I had a bit of fun there, with comparisons!)

      Nice!

    • AliciaC profile image
      Author

      Linda Crampton 11 months ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you for such an interesting comment, Denise!

    • jamesplee profile image

      James Lee 7 weeks ago from Las Vegas, NV

      I really enjoy creating graphics for my stories and find I can spin a yarn around most any image or picture. Your article has shown me how flash fiction can be something to focus on with my own style of writing.

    • AliciaC profile image
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      Linda Crampton 7 weeks ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thank you, jamesplee. I appreciate your visit.

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