Compare and Contrast: The Similarities and Differences Between Realism and Naturalism


Realism and Naturalism

While being two separate literary movements, realism and naturalism have been at times used as interchangeable terms, sharing some deep-running similarities:

1) They are both "basic" views of life and humanity, stripping away the layers of romanticism to present a " natural" or "real" outlook of the work. They refuse to idealize or flatter the subject. They avoid artificial, fantasy, or supernatural elements.

2) Both of these pessimistic views emerged in the 19th century, a period known for its trials and turmoil.

3) God is absent from most of the writing in either category, with writers opting for a focus on the real world.

But despite these similarities, these two literary movements are separate for a reason.

1) Realism sought to be a faithful representation of life, while naturalism was more like a "chronicle of despair." In a way, naturalism proceeded from realism, and can be seen as an exaggerated form of realism; it shows humans as being determined by environment, heredity, and social conditions beyond their control, and thus rather helpless to escape their circumstances.

2) While in realism the main focus was on the middle class and its problems, naturalism often focused on poorly educated or lower-class characters, and on themes involving violence and taboo activities.

3) While in realism, faithful representation of reality including the details of nature is important, in Naturalism, nature itself is a force, generally a powerful, indifferent mechanism.

Realism in American Literature

Naturalism in American Literature

Comments 9 comments

kirutaye profile image

kirutaye 5 years ago from London, UK

Useful hub. Thanks for sharing.

Sunil 4 years ago

It ws really helpful

Mn 4 years ago

It was useful and many thanks

samira dj 4 years ago

i don't think so ; that realism and naturalism are two separet field of the study , both are two sides of the same coin since they share many similarities

Asford mensah 4 years ago

Very Useful

Rivardo 4 years ago

Thank you very much! It's helpful

Jen 2 years ago

Thank you!!

eLLa 9 months ago

Thank you!!! very much!!

raj 7 months ago

it is really hlps me

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